The living tech we need to support human life on other planets | Lynn Rothschild

Translator: Joseph Geni
Reviewer: Joanna Pietrulewicz For thousands of years,
well, really probably millions of years, our ancestors have looked up at the sky
and wondered what’s up there, and they’ve also started to wonder, hmm, could we be alone in this planet? Now, I’m fortunate that I get to get paid
to actually ask some of those questions, and sort of bad news for you, your tax dollars are paying me
to try to answer some of those questions. But then, about 10 years ago, I was told, I mean asked, if I would start to look at the technology
to help get us off planet, and so that’s what I’m going
to talk to you about today. So playing to the local crowd, this is what it looks like
in your day-to-day life in Boston, but as you start to go off planet,
things look very, very different. So there we are,
hovering above the WGBH studios. And here’s a very famous picture
of the Earthrise from the Moon, and you can see the Earth
starting to recede. And then what I love is this picture that was taken from the surface of Mars
looking back at the Earth. Can anyone find the Earth? I’m going to help you out a little. (Laughter) Yeah. The point of showing this
is that when people start to go to Mars, they’re not going to be able
to keep calling in and be micromanaged
the way people on a space station are. They’re going to have to be independent. So even though they’re up there, there are going to be all sorts of things
that they’re going to need, just like people on Earth
need things like, oh, transportation, life support, food, clothing and so on. But unlike on Earth,
they are also going to need oxygen. They’re going to have to deal with about
a third of the gravity that we have here. They’re going to have to worry
about habitats, power, heat, light and radiation protection, something that we don’t actually
worry about nearly as much on the Earth, because we have this beautiful
atmosphere and magnetosphere. The problem with that is
that we also have a lot of constraints. So the biggest one for us is upmass, and the number that I’ve used for years is it costs about 10,000 dollars to launch
a can of Coke into low Earth orbit. The problem is, there you are
with 10,000 dollars later, and you’re still in low Earth orbit. You’re not even at the Moon
or Mars or anything else. So you’re going to have to
try to figure out how to keep the mass as low as possible
so you don’t have to launch it. But on top of that cost issue
with the mass, you also have problems of storage and flexibility and reliability. You can’t just get there and say,
“Oops, I forgot to bring,” because
just does not deliver to Mars. So you better be prepared. So what is the solution for this? And I’m going to propose to you
for the rest of this talk that the solution actually is life, and when you start to look
at life as a technology, you realize, ah, that’s it, that’s exactly what we needed. This plant here, like every person here and every one of your dogs and cats and plants and so on, all started as a single cell. So imagine, you’re starting
as a very low upmass object and then growing into something
a good deal bigger. Now, my hero Charles Darwin, of course, reminds us that there’s
no such thing as a designer in biology, but what if we now have the technology to design biology, maybe even design,
oh, whole new life-forms that can do things for us
that we couldn’t have imagined otherwise? So years ago, I was asked
to start to sell this program, and while I was doing that, I was put in front of a panel at NASA, as you might sort of imagine, a bunch of people in suits
and white shirts and pencil protectors, and I did this sort of crazy, wild, “This is all the next great thing,” and I thought they would be blown over, and instead the chairman of the committee
just looked at me straight in the eye, and said, “So what’s the big idea?” So I was like, “OK, you want Star Trek? We’ll do Star Trek.” And so let me tell you
what the big idea is. We’ve used organisms
to make biomaterials for years. So here’s a great picture
taken outside of Glasgow, and you can see lots
of great biomaterials there. There are trees that you could
use to build houses. There are sheep where you
can get your wool from. You could get leather from the sheep. Just quickly glancing around the room,
I’ll bet there’s no one in this room that doesn’t have some kind of animal
or plant product on them, some kind of biomaterial. But you know what? We’re not going to take sheep
and trees and stuff to Mars. That’s nuts, because
of the upmass problem. But we are going to take things like this. This is Bacillus subtilis. Those white dots that you see are spores. This happens to be a bacterium
that can form incredibly resistant spores, and when I say incredibly resistant,
they’ve proven themselves. Bacillus subtilis spores have been flown
on what was called LDEF, Long Duration Exposure Facility,
for almost six years and some of them survived that in space. Unbelievable, a lot better
than any of us can do. So why not just take the capabilities, like to make wood or to make wool
or spider silk or whatever, and put them in Bacillus subtilis spores, and take those with you off planet? So what are you going to do
when you’re off planet? Here’s an iconic picture of Buzz Aldrin
looking back at the Eagle when he landed, oh, it was almost
50 years ago, on the surface of the Moon. Now if you’re going to go
to the Moon for three days and you’re the first person to set foot, yeah, you can live in a tin can, but you wouldn’t want to do that
for, say, a year and a half. So I did actually a calculation,
being in California. I looked at what the average size
of a cell at Alcatraz is, and I have news for you, the volume in the Eagle there,
in the Lunar Module, was about the size of a cell at Alcatraz if it were only five feet high. So incredibly cramped living quarters. You just can’t ask a human
to stay in there for long periods of time. So why not take these biomaterials
and make something? So here’s an image
that a colleague of mine who is an architect, Chris Maurer,
has done of what we’ve been proposing, and we’ll get to the point of why I’ve been standing up here
holding something that looks like a dried sandwich
this whole lecture. So we’ve proposed that the solution
to the habitat problem on Mars could just simply lie in a fungus. So I’m now probably
going to turn off everyone from ever eating a mushroom again. So let’s talk about fungi for a second. So you’re probably familiar
with this fruiting body of the fungus. That’s the mushroom. But what we’re interested in actually
is what’s beneath the surface there, the mycelium, which are these root hair-like structures that are really the main part
of the mushroom. Well, it turns out you can take those — there’s a micrograph I did — and you can put them in a mold and give them a little food — and it doesn’t take much,
you can grow these things on sawdust — so this piece here was grown on sawdust, and that mycelium then
will fill that structure to make something. We’ve actually tried
growing mycelium on Mars Simulant. So no one’s actually
gone to the surface of Mars, but this is a simulated surface of Mars, and you can see those
hair-like mycelia out there. It’s really amazing stuff. How strong can you make these things? Well, you know, I could give you
numbers and tests and so on, but I think that’s probably
the best way to describe it. There’s one of my students
proving that you can do this. To do this, then, you’ve got to figure out
how to put it in context. How’s this actually going to happen? I mean, this is a great idea, Lynn, but how are you going to get
from here to there? So what we’re saying is you grow up
the mycelium in the lab, for example and then you fill up a little structure,
maybe a house-like structure that’s tiny, that is maybe a double-bagged sort of
plastic thing, like an inflatable — I sort of think L.L.Bean when I see this. And then you put it in a rocket ship
and you send it off to Mars. Rocket lands, you release the bag and you add a little water, and voila, you’ve got your habitat. You know, how cool would that be? And the beauty of that is you don’t
have to take something prebuilt. And so our estimates are that we could
save 90 percent of the mass that NASA is currently proposing
by taking up a big steel structure if we actually grow it on site. So let me give you another big idea. What about digital information? What’s really interesting is
you have a physical link to your parents and they have a physical link
to their parents, and so on, all the way back to the origin of life. You have never broken that continuum. But the fact is that we can do that today. So we have students
every day in our labs — students in Boston even do this — that make up DNA sequences and they hit the “send” button and they send them
to their local DNA synthesis company. Now once you break that physical link where you’re sending it across town, it doesn’t matter if you’re sending it
across the Charles River or if you’re sending
that information to Mars. You’ve broken that physical link. So then, once you’re on Mars, or across the river or wherever, you can take that digital information, synthesize the physical DNA, put it maybe in another organism and voila, you’ve got
new capabilities there. So again, you’ve broken
that physical link. That’s huge. What about chemistry? Biology does chemistry for us on Earth, and again has for literally
thousands of years. I bet virtually everyone in this room
has eaten something today that has been made
by biology doing chemistry. Let me give you a big hint there. What about another idea? What about using DNA itself
to make a wire? Because again, we’re trying
to miniaturize everything. DNA is really cheap. Strawberries have
a gazillion amount of DNA. You know, you could take
a strawberry with you, isolate the DNA, and one of my students
has figured out a way to take DNA and tweak it a little bit so that you can incorporate
silver atoms in very specific places, thus making an electrical wire. How cool is that? So while we’re on the subject of metals, we’re going to need to use metals
for things like integrated circuits. Probably we’re going to want it
for some structures, and so on. And things like integrated circuits
ultimately go bad. We could talk a lot about that,
but I’m going to leave it at that, that they do go bad, and so where are you going
to get those metals? Yeah, you could try to mine them
with heavy equipment, but you get that upmass problem. And I always tell people, the best way
to find the metals for a new cell phone is in a dead cell phone. So what if you take biology as the technology to get these metals out? And how do you do this? Well, take a look
at the back of a vitamin bottle and you’ll get an idea
of all the sorts of metals that we actually use in our bodies. So we have a lot of proteins
as well as other organisms that can actually
specifically bind metals. So what if we now take those proteins and maybe attach them
to this fungal mycelium and make a filter so we can start
to pull those metals out in a very specific way
without big mining equipment, and, even better, we’ve actually
got a proof of concept where we’ve then taken those metals
that we pulled out with proteins and reprinted an integrated circuit
using a plasma printer. Again, how cool? Electricity: I was asked
by a head of one of the NASA centers if you could ever take chemical energy
and turn that into electrical energy. Well, the great news is it’s not
just the electric eel that does it. Everybody in this room
who is still alive and functioning is doing that. Part of the food that you’ve eaten today has gone to operate
the nerve cells in your body. But even other organisms,
nonsentient ones, are creating electric energy, even bacteria. Some bacteria are very good
at making little wires. So if we can harvest that ability of turning chemical energy
into electrical energy, again, how cool would that be? So here are some
of the big ideas we talked about. Let me try one more: life 2.0. So for example, all of the sugars
in our body are right-handed. Why shouldn’t we make an organism
with left-handed sugars? Why not make an organism that can do
things that no organism can do today? So organisms normally have evolved
to live in very specific environments. So here’s this lion cub
literally up a tree, and I took a picture of him a bit later, and he was a lot happier
when he was down on the ground. So organisms are designed
for specific environments. But what if you can go back
to that idea of synthetic biology and tweak ’em around? So here is one of our favorite places
in Yellowstone National Park. This is Octopus Springs. If you tilt your head a little bit, it sort of looks like a body
and tentacles coming out. It’s above the boiling
temperature of water. Those organisms that you see
on the edge and the colors actually match the temperatures
that are there, very, very high-temperature thermophiles. So why not take organisms
that can live at extremes, whether it’s high temperature
or low temperature or low pH or high pH or high salt or high levels of radiation, and take some of those capabilities and put it into other organisms. And this is a project
that my students have called, and I love this, the “hell cell.” And so we’ve done that. We’ve taken organisms and sort of
tweaked them and pushed them to the edges. And this is important
for getting us off planet and also for understanding
what life is like in the universe. So let me give you
just a couple of final thoughts. First is this whole idea
that we have all these needs for human settlement off planet that are in some ways
exactly like we have on the Earth, that we need the food
and we need the shelter and so on, but we have very, very
different constraints of this upmass problem and the reliability
and the flexibility and so on. But because we have these constraints
that you don’t have here, where you might have to think about
the indigenous petrochemical industry, or whatever, you now have constraints
that have to unleash creativity. And once you unleash this creativity
because you have the new constraints, you’re forcing game-changing
technological advances that you wouldn’t have gotten
any other way. Finally, we have to think a little bit, is it a good idea
to tinker around with life? Well, the sort of easy answer to that is that probably no one in the room
keeps a wolf cub at home, but you might have a puppy or a dog; you probably didn’t eat teosinte
this summer, but you ate corn. We have been doing
genetic modification with organisms for literally 10,000 or more years. This is a different approach,
but to say all of a sudden humans should never touch an organism is kinda silly because we have that capability now to do things that are far more
beneficial for the planet Earth and for life beyond that. And so then the question is, should we? And of course I feel
that not only should we, at least for getting off Earth, but actually if we don’t
use synthetic biology, we will never solve this upmass problem. So once you think of life as a technology,
you’ve got the solution. And so, with that, I’d like to finish
the way I always finish, and say “ad astra,”
which means, “to the stars.” Thank you very much, Boston. (Applause)

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100 thoughts on “The living tech we need to support human life on other planets | Lynn Rothschild

  1. Planet Earth is abuzz with headlines about Mars. First, NASA announced the discovery of flowing water on the red planet. Then The Martian opened to rave reviews. We have so many questions about the mysterious frozen planet. Does liquid water mean there's life on Mars?

  2. It's really an exciting idea way forward to live on another planet. But Personally I don't endorse this. Possible or Impossible that's a different question. But lets save Earth First. 🙂

  3. I don’t think people realize how unsustainable the earth is with us on it we’ve managed to create SOCIETY that encourages us as a species to get weaker dumber and more emotional yet reproduce exponentially we need a challenge again, I think putting ourselves into an environment that forces us to sustain our intelligence and reason in a way that encourages us to be better would be a good start.

  4. So the best way to carry compounds and precious metals is by using humans as containers/vessels. Sounds familiar. 🤔
    Well at least the next world will also have granite!

  5. Some of this was presented as much simpler than I suspect it is.  For example: make a miniature house out of mushroom roots, fly it to Mars, and just add water.  Water is VERY scarce there.  Until recently nobody was even sure that any water could be found on Mars.

  6. 4:10 – What's a "pencil-protector"? 🤨 They're pocket-protectors because they protect the shirt pocket from ink (and graphite).

  7. Waste of money cant believe we pay for.this kind of thinkig when we are losing hundreds of species every year save and protect this beautiful planet that we already live on studying that would actually benefit all the beings including the plant kingdom living earth are rare how many billions go to these people who are barking up the wromg tree for what

  8. GMO is not the same as organic genetic breeding, don't fall for that B.S.. GMO's developed using Crisper, utilize an amazing technology but it can and is used for evil. Search Monsanto tumor rats. "Natural" and "GMO" foods are population control measures.

    There's a huge difference between organically modified organisms and lab modified organisms that contain multiple species DNA/RNA with pesticides built in.

    Pesticides are neurotoxins, people… That means it'll chemically disincorporate a brains neurological connections if consumed.

    Eat organic if you want to preserve your God given genetics developed and refined over thousands of years.

  9. Lot of questions to consider🤔
    But, I watched some better Ted Talks😅
    Looks like standard is 'falling'…

  10. One of the lines at the bottom is that we are going to have to genetically modify Humans in order for us to successfully venture forth into space on the long term. This would be true for any critters that we take along with us. The simplest model is that we will need to have GMO tech for plants that we take with us into space. Fungi? Life always changes to its environment as best it is able.

  11. They say nuclear pasta is 10000 stronger then steel an if u bring a teaspoon to earth is would creat a nuclear explosin….y not use it on the moon an make it into fuel if a teaspoon make a hydrogen bomb make a hydrgen powered rocket

  12. We need to support life on our planet. Kids starving and dying of preventable and curable disease. I appreciate ability to study space and other planets, just wish wed care about ours.

  13. Life is a technology. Is it a good idea to tinker around with life? All life started as a single cell. How do we live off-planet? Take fungi from earth to other planets and grow the fungi into livable structures. Constraints unleash creativity. #TEDTalk

  14. Guys ok so earlier today I went to Mcdonald's and ordered a large Big Mac with a large coke and fries. So I was waiting for my meal as I felt the need to go to the toilet. I was in the restroom but suddenly I saw an employee scooping up some toilet water with one of the ice cream spoons. I decided to investigate further, so I secretly followed the employee outside the toilet. She then headed to the kitchen where she poured all the collected water into a freezer. She then started the freezer and froze all the disgusting toilet water. And then she placed the Ice cubes into a dirty container labelled "Beverage Ice". And then she took the spoon she used to scoop up the toilet water and placed them next to the others. I then saw a woman pick the spoon up and give it to his son. The employee then took some of the toilet water ice and put it into my drink. I'm never going to eat at McDonald's ever again.

  15. Without artificial gravity for space bases on planets and moons, and large rotating space ships won't really work for space bases on planets and moons, probably no human is going to make it out of this solar system alive. (As NASA has already proven that low gravity conditions over a prolonged period of time are harmful to the human species). SO……., can some entity or entities PLEASE do my gravity test below for what I believe 'gravity' truly is. The very survival of species from planet Earth may literally be at stake, (or at least all humans).

    (Copy and paste from my files):

    Here is the test for the 'gravity' portion of my TOE idea. I do not have the necessary resources to do the test but maybe you or someone else reading this does, will do the test, then tell the world what is found out either way.

    a. Imagine a 12 hour clock.

    b. Put a magnetic field across from the 3 to 9 o'clock positions.

    c. Put an electric field across from the 6 to 12 o'clock positions.

    (The magnetic field and electric field would be 90 degrees to each other and should be polarized so as to complement each other.)

    d. Shoot a high powered laser through the center of the clock at 90 degrees to the em fields.

    e. Do this with the em fields on and off.

    (The em fields could be varied in size, strength, density and depth. The intent would be to energy frequency match the laser and em fields for optimal results.)

    f. Look for any gravitational / anti-gravitational effects.

    (Including the utilization of ferro cells so as to be able to actually see the energy field movements.)

    (And note: if done right, it's possible a mini gravitational black hole might form. Be ready for it.)

    (An alternative to the above would be to shoot 3 high powered lasers, or a single high powered laser split into 3 beams, each adjustable to achieve the above set up, all focused upon a single point in space.)

    'If' effects are noted, 'then' further research could be done.

    'If' effects are not noted, 'then' my latest TOE idea is wrong. But still, we would know what 'gravity' was not, which is still something in the scientific world. Science still wins either way and moves forward.

  16. There is and there won’t be any benefit of going away from here. Let’s just start caring about earth, Chinese especially

  17. To the unimaginative and narrow minds that consider this a waste, and want to spend the money and effort on [insert good cause] on Earth.

    If you'd actually listened, you would've picked up on how extremely useful many of these technologies will be on Earth. As she said, constraints unlock creativity. You could claim that, well, we could unlock that creativity with the constraints on Earth, but you'd be wrong. Earth has desperate needs, but few constraints. We fail to focus narrowly enough to make the extreme breakthroughs. In addition, expensive as space exploration is, it's still small scale relative to poverty. Small scale makes for safe testing.

    Just a few examples, off the top of my head: The work necessary for making organisms thrive on Mars will help us make organisms thrive under extreme conditions on Earth. NASA may even solve one of the biggest problems with GMO, which is confidence. Being very cautious by the nature of their work, NASA tests everything very thoroughly. The absence of proper regulations on GMO in many regions, including the US, will be compensated for by NASA's extreme testing. Also remember, NASA has been vital in exploring Earth, itself, through it's exploration of space. The amount of information we have about our planet is manifold greater than it would've been without space exploration. A study of Mars may give us clues about geological and atmospheric processes, which may be useful for all sorts of things.

  18. Wow, this is crazy. Your compairing dogs to wolfs and corn then to corn now. These huge differences are less than 1% geneticaly different. All life on earth is 98% same. GMO or synthetic life vary around 4%. Smart people are kinda crazy, maybe youve been in the lab to much.. Try stepping into nature for 40- 50 hrs a week and then think about this. Maybe then you will notice how dumb this sounds. We arent ready for this yet. We dont know the side effects of this stuff. We be infintile to the infinity of life. Get a grip please!

  19. I'm convinced that there are more "crazy conspiracy theorists" on TED Talks' comments than people actually interested in the subjects of the videos.

  20. This summer my family & I had the privilege of driving cross country from Texas to Idaho! A 22 hour journey with absolutley stunning picturesque scenery! Especially the drive through Colorado & Wyoming, with its sublime yet magnificent snow-capped mountains that cradle the clouds, while the valleys with their broad bases seem to manifest heaven on earth! One cannot help but wonder why in Gods green earth would we want to travel to Mars!!? 🤦‍♂️

  21. So if we take a "seed" for a house and put it on a rocket to Mars to grow, adding "just a little water" as she proposed won't work. There are many necessary biomaterials (e.g. glucose, fixed nitrogen source, metals like zinc or copper, phosphates, etc.) for life to propagate and build structures in addition to water that aren't found in any non-negligible amount in Martian soil. Furthermore, the amount of just water (disregarding the other biomaterials) required for that much fungus to grow would be inordinately expensive to get to Mars, unless they're assuming the first humans on Mars will have access to liquid water at the poles. Synthetic life is an incredible idea that could change many industries and paradigms here on Earth, but her ideas to make it useful in space seem to assume or simply leave out many things.

  22. I'd like your hero was Wollas more than Darwin. We'll do better to understand our past before projecting a future that inevitabilly will report the same mistakes elsewhere..

  23. Believe or not I came to the same conclusion when I had given this question a thought one year back… But I beg to differ on the point that we could create life(results may be catastrophic because some researchers tried mutation and were banned by International societies) .
    Let environment be the creator and we could help to create life.
    "The best tools man have are imitation and reasoning".

  24. When your attached to the solar system and you understand that there was never a future for space exploration for MANKIND, you wonder what could you do?
    Enter Gospel of Thomas 3 Jesus said, "If those who lead you say to you, 'See, the kingdom is in the sky,' then the

    birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you, 'It is in the sea,' then the fish will
    precede you.

    Rather, the kingdom is inside of you, and it is outside of you.

    When you come to know yourselves, then you will become known, and you will realize that it is you

    who are the sons of the living father. But if you will not know yourselves, you dwell in

    poverty and it is you who are that poverty."

    Its why all Muslims have no understanding and wisdom. Those are Assyrian statues. And the Hindi are the people of the serpent. Both cultures that have nothing to do with the real understanding of this earth we live on. I mean The Sikh Guy Nanak told his people their are no Muslims their are no Hindi." They never listen and created this……..

  25. When looking from Mars towards the Earth at 1:14, the Earth is there but then they make it disappear and then ask you to find it. You can't because it's not there. Then right before they draw a circle around it, they make it reappear. I can't stand being deceived therefore this video gets a BIG THUMBS DOWN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! You can start this video from say 1:10 and watch this happen yourself. We are not idiots lady…but you are…

  26. 8:43 "add a little water". Water is the really big up mass problem, yet this 16 minute talk never covered it. NASA declared RSL sand not water in 2017. "We've thought of RSL as possible liquid water flows, but the slopes are more like what we expect for dry sand," said Colin Dundas of the U.S. Geological Survey's Astrogeology Science Center. "This new understanding of RSL supports other evidence that shows that Mars today is very dry."

  27. It would be foolish, even absurd, to send humans to live on Mars taking a lot of risk if life was useless, is not it?

    What is life for, before exists? It is useless. What is life for, after living? It is useless. We live because our parents imposed it on us by taking "infinite" risks on our backs. When we are missed, it is they who have missed us, but it is we who bear the consequences.

    To manufacture a child with both an IQ greater than 100 and a PQ (Physical Quotient) greater than 100, it is necessary to make 4.

    Why not clean the cradle Earth before putting children who have not asked to exist?

    Why go to a desert cradle to install other babies who have not asked to exist?

  28. Its obvious she’s a Rothschild from the first intentionally mistaken Freudian slips. Not my tax dollars fam!

  29. The only place these Rothschild's are going is slavery according to the bible! In fact they are gonna be our first set!
    Obadiah 1:4 Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith the LORD. (Oba 1:4 KJV)

  30. This will push DNA rewriting into unimaginable levels, especially if this becomes lucrative.
    Now I see how some could create some order from chaos.

  31. That architectural design looks cool, but those flashes designs always cost a fortunes to build compared to much simpler designs, and because of that they make little sense to use in this way

  32. other planets? ? ? riiiiiight….AHAHAHA!!!! LMFAO!!!
    It's VERY disturbing how easy it is too control what you people believe and how you perceive reality…

  33. "Never solve the up-mass problem"??? 3D printing will revolutionise space travel – everything from crafts to food will be printed.

  34. She says humans modified wolfs so there is no harm to do the same to microbes, but you can see a wolf/dog and if it gets out of control, it could be fixed fairly easy. Now bacteria on the other hand is totally invisible for the naked eye. So if it gets out of hand, we are all f*#ked

  35. They can't get back to the moon after 50 years and here you are talking about Mars like it's a short stroll down the road 🤪🤪🤪🤪

  36. We’re already destroying this planet now we want to inhabit another? Humans are plague for planets 🙄

  37. Some interesting ideas, but I would have loved to hear them fleshed out a bit more, what kind of organisms might we be able to engineer in the future? Could we make the fungal housing structures radiation proof? Might we potentially create a plant that metabolizes Martian air into breathable air?

    You brought the big idea up, but I think you forgot to make us dream.

  38. why don't we just try and save our earth aka environment instead if going to mars only high class can do that because they have money just save the earth

  39. I feel like this idea is ignoring basic physics. You can't create mass out of nothing. The plants or fungus that you bring to another planet will only grow in mass if you have the other form of mass they need to feed on. With our two most immediate destinations, the moon and mars, you're still going to need to bring additional mass to feed your organisms because the destination doesn't have them.

  40. Nice speaking but humans are destroyers. We shouldn't go to other planets until we learn to respect other life forms right to exist. Humans are far away to elightment. Take care of Earth first!

  41. No designer in biology but now we can design biology?….. 🤔🙄
    How much disrespect you have for God. 😭

  42. she had nothing other then a mediiocre idea 5 year olds can come up with? no actual result? thats why nasa was not impressed. its not that far to some up with the concept of growing stuff.

  43. Darwin? Hero? No Designer? Give me a break. We are miracles, the Earth is a miracle. If we are chance and self-organized (evolved) then please show me another human species or another Earth-like planet, please?! Here, let me tell you what Darwin and his theory of evolution did do for us – it gave us slavery, bigotry, and the holocaust. Deaths of millions.

  44. I wonder if those microbes that are very resilient could be a danger too?
    If they can produce these things, with of course other materials added or having been adjusted, maybe they could also alter in some way as to become a virus or something along those lines.
    Being as they are rather tough, it would then be a big issue for people on mars for example and not so easy to get rid of.

  45. O my my ! ! Go thru this… #LynnRothschild is a Genius !

    Indepth. Everybody covers intellectual concepts but emotionally also she covered with her sound analysis about her #BigIdea

    #MorePowerToYou LOVE💜 👏👏👏👏👌🙏

    Thank you 🙏🙏 for your efforts #LynnRothschild.
    Her Research Work is "Totally Worth The Tax Payers Money".

  46. Yeah, why not make cells that are resistant to literally everything, what could go wrong?

    Sorry for being pesemistic but we should be careful and consider the potential dangers we are creating…

  47. You lost me at "Your hero Darwin" who couldn't even tell that marrying his own cousin was a bad thing. So much for biology 😒

  48. Ok, life creates more life, but life doesn't violate conservation of mass and energy. Here on Earth you can grow life, because both nutrients and water are fairly easy to access, so life can convert them to more life. On Mars you have neither, so you need to import them, along with the said life. And as nothing can create something out of nothing, you'll need at least as much imported mass as nutrients and water as what you need your life to grow into. Plus you need time to wait for it to grow. So how is this more effective then just building prefabs?

  49. Our tax dollars are paying you to ask questions about life on other planets? Well, if I ever needed an excuse NOT to pay my taxes, there's one.

  50. Hello.
    Is it okay to post this Pin on Pinterest board Science Related Events By Region?

  51. I love bullshit of Rothschild family members. The biggest lie ever sold to humanity by secret society that solar system exist. Yes exist in Hindu believs about chakra energy and those planets represent each individual chakra in human body. The last chakra the Sun chakra symbolize illumination (illuminati). Repeating lie over and over again becomes Truth. Sun circle around Earth, it's our Sun and we are very dependent from it's energy source. Even if Rothschild's Imaginary Mars exist, it's too far away to reach with electromagnetic energy force to ignite the life spark. It's not about ice on the Mars, this planet is too far away. I personally believe photos taken from Mars was actually taken from Desert Colorado. If you want to help supply the life, save Amazon Rainforest untill Captain Chainsaw will change Brazil into Egypt, into desert 🏜️

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