The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard


Slavery, the treatment of human beings as property,
deprived of personal rights, has occurred in many forms
throughout the world. But one institution stands out for
both its global scale and its lasting legacy. The Atlantic slave trade, occurring from the late 15th
to the mid 19th century and spanning three continents, forcibly brought more than 10 million Africans
to the Americas. The impact it would leave affected
not only these slaves and their descendants, but the economies and histories
of large parts of the world. There had been centuries of contact
between Europe and Africa via the Mediterranean. But the Atlantic slave trade
began in the late 1400s with Portuguese colonies in West Africa, and Spanish settlement
of the Americas shortly after. The crops grown in the new colonies,
sugar cane, tobacco, and cotton, were labor intensive, and there were not enough settlers
or indentured servants to cultivate all the new land. American Natives were enslaved,
but many died from new diseases, while others effectively resisted. And so to meet the massive
demand for labor, the Europeans looked to Africa. African slavery had existed
for centuries in various forms. Some slaves were indentured servants, with a limited term
and the chance to buy one’s freedom. Others were more like European serfs. In some societies, slaves could
be part of a master’s family, own land, and even rise
to positions of power. But when white captains came offering
manufactured goods, weapons, and rum for slaves, African kings and merchants
had little reason to hesitate. They viewed the people they sold
not as fellow Africans but criminals, debtors,
or prisoners of war from rival tribes. By selling them, kings enriched
their own realms, and strengthened them
against neighboring enemies. African kingdoms prospered
from the slave trade, but meeting the European’s massive demand
created intense competition. Slavery replaced other criminal sentences, and capturing slaves
became a motivation for war, rather than its result. To defend themselves from slave raids, neighboring kingdoms
needed European firearms, which they also bought with slaves. The slave trade had become an arms race, altering societies and economies
across the continent. As for the slaves themselves,
they faced unimaginable brutality. After being marched
to slave forts on the coast, shaved to prevent lice, and branded, they were loaded onto ships
bound for the Americas. About 20% of them
would never see land again. Most captains of the day
were tight packers, cramming as many men
as possible below deck. While the lack of sanitation
caused many to die of disease, and others were thrown
overboard for being sick, or as discipline, the captain’s ensured their profits
by cutting off slave’s ears as proof of purchase. Some captives took matters
into their own hands. Many inland Africans
had never seen whites before, and thought them to be cannibals, constantly taking people away
and returning for more. Afraid of being eaten,
or just to avoid further suffering, they committed suicide
or starved themselves, believing that in death,
their souls would return home. Those who survived
were completley dehumanized, treated as mere cargo. Women and children were kept above deck
and abused by the crew, while the men were made to perform dances in order to keep them exercised
and curb rebellion. What happened to those Africans
who reached the New World and how the legacy of slavery
still affects their descendants today is fairly well known. But what is not often discussed is the effect that the Atlantic slave trade
had on Africa’s future. Not only did the continent lose
tens of millions of its able-bodied population, but because most of the slaves
taken were men, the long-term demographic
effect was even greater. When the slave trade was finally
outlawed in the Americas and Europe, the African kingdoms whose economies
it had come to dominate collapsed, leaving them open
to conquest and colonization. And the increased competition
and influx of European weapons fueled warfare and instability
that continues to this day. The Atlantic slave trade also contributed
to the development of racist ideology. Most African slavery had no deeper reason
than legal punishment or intertribal warfare, but the Europeans
who preached a universal religion, and who had long ago
outlawed enslaving fellow Christians, needed justification for a practice so obviously at odds
with their ideals of equality. So they claimed that
Africans were biologically inferior and destined to be slaves, making great efforts
to justify this theory. Thus, slavery in Europe and the Americas
acquired a racial basis, making it impossible for slaves
and their future descendants to attain equal status in society. In all of these ways, the Atlantic slave trade
was an injustice on a massive scale whose impact has continued
long after its abolition.

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100 thoughts on “The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard

  1. The Africans that made it to the land/
    The Moors that made it to the land would try to escape and flee to French Canada( where they were still respected as the upper class people of Albion) if u dont no the true history bro you shouldn't say nothing at all( making videos lying SMH)………

  2. It's remarkable how offended white people are about this video…Yet, also sad but in touch with the reality we deal with today.

  3. Our exam was about this video. We watched it and hat to answer a couple of questions lol.
    kind regards from berlin btw

  4. …will never come to terms with abuses of any kind, let alone the obliteration of the lives of human beings for pure greed!!

  5. It’s okay to be rich
    It’s okay to be white
    It’s okay to be straight
    It’s okay to be handsome
    It’s okay to be muscular
    It’s okay to be popular
    It’s okay to be rich
    It’s okay to be white

  6. The Moors, who were essentially Berbers, Arabs and africans were capturing Europeans in medertarians for slavery, long before the U.S had even formed. All these people complaining about slavery are hypocrites.

  7. Damn, if the damn europeans stayed and mind their own business, they wouldn’t need chris Columbus to go out to find asia, he should have died along the way

  8. So Europeans did not take people by force to send them to America. African kingdoms fought themselves to sell their ennemies to Europeans. What other lies or partial truths do you have to share?

  9. North African Muslims from the Sahara and morroco slaved Christian Spanish people who were white in South spain just saying they were called the morres

  10. When God, in the beginning, created man,
    he made him subject to his own free choice.
    If you choose you can keep the commandments;
    it is loyalty to do his will.
    There is set before you fire and water;
    to whichever you choose, stretch forth your hand.
    Before man are life and death,
    whichever he chooses shall be given him.
    Immense is the wisdom of the LORD;
    he is mighty in power and all-seeing.
    The eyes of God see all he has made;
    he understands man's every deed.
    No man does he command to sin,
    to none does he give strength for lies.

    Sirach 16:15-21
    Say not: I am hidden from God;
    in heaven who remembers me?
    Among so many people I cannot be known;
    what am I in the world of spirits?
    Behold, the heavens, the heaven of heavens,
    the earth and the abyss tremble at his visitation;
    the roots of the mountains, the earth's foundations,
    at his mere glance, quiver and quake.
    Of me, therefore, he will take no thought;
    If I sin, no eye will see me;
    if all in secret I am disloyal, who is to know?
    Who tells him of just deeds?
    And what could I expect for doing my duty?”
    Such are the thoughts of senseless men,
    which only the foolish knave will think.

    Jesus O Savior
    I know not if you are real
    Come
    Come live in me ..
    Save me
    Amen and Amen

    Revelations 22:17
    The Spirit and the bride say.
    "Come."
    Let the hearer say,
    "Come."
    Let the one who thirsts
    come forward,
    and the one who wants
    receive the gift
    of life giving water.

  11. Bunch of twats engaging in whataboutery. Sick mofos no one asking you to be ashamed. Just have pity and understand how to avoid such a calamity again and be more human.

  12. Wasn't no trade it was kidnapping,destroying a race of people..blacks are not slaves,cause of their Color.. European s dehumanized every race of color

  13. 존나 끔찍하네 저업보를 어떻게 받을려고… 인간 잔학성은 태생적으로 타고 난거고 이세상의 원리도 그런식으로 수탈하며 굴러가게 되있는거네…

  14. It’s funny how majority of you people say “ well there were slaves in Africa “ , “slavery was else where” , this and that and the other man forget that this was tremendously terrible any form of slavery but taking over lands, stealing, and using a source to lie is terrible and then doesn’t get no matter and today it’s nothing that really changed

  15. So Christianity was/is an Obstacle, rather than a route, for slavery.
    Good to know.
    Wish that this was made clearer in history class.

  16. History also fails to mention, how the US sent back so-called slaves that were Native to this land. Take a look at Monrovia Liberia. Just look up their flag. Not all blacks was slaves in this land but they also own slaves as well but history won't tell you that. Some were Creek Cherokee in other Native American tribes, but history won't tell you that. Truth is to fix is in the most people don't understand that their slaves.

  17. Well done. Now if only the US Government would take the time to own up to and repair this murderous past. The admittance could jumpstart The healing process. Oh wait, nevermind when has America has never been interested in healing the casualties of its violent past … New day coming tho ⚡️⚡️⚡️😉

  18. Slavery is any system in wich principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a the jure form of property.

  19. Rothschild decendents .."The few who understand will
    either be so interested in there profits, or so dependent
    on its favors, that there will be no opposition from that
    class. The great body of the people, mentally incapable
    of comprehending the tremendous advantages, will bear its

  20. Chattel Slavery actually began in the United States of America in 1661 in the British Colony of Virginia until 1865. Pre-1661, it was just indentured servitude, AAm could gain their freedom, own land, and AAm still had rights. So, Chattel Slavery lasted 204 years in the US, a period of embarrassment to the history of the US along with Jim Crow.

  21. The Africans enslaved the Hebrews that fled from Israel to Nigera(Kingdom of Judah). Look up Emmanuel Bowens(english map maker of his time) 1747 negroland map

  22. And I don't deal with them. They're arrogant rude and condescending.
    Why is it that you all don't see this?? They're not our people

  23. Europeans enslaved blacks because they had already enslaved homeless
    white people from the streets of England and ireland for centuries,
    sending them to work on plantations in the caribbean and north America
    since 1623… see books ""White cargo"" and "they were white and they
    were slaves"" on Amazon… very desturbing grim reading!!!

  24. Europeans enslaved blacks because they had already enslaved homeless
    white people from the streets of England and ireland for centuries,
    sending them to work on plantations in the caribbean and north America
    since 1623… see books ""White cargo"" and "they were white and they
    were slaves"" on Amazon… very desturbing grim reading!!!

  25. Europeans enslaved blacks because they had already enslaved homeless
    white people from the streets of England and ireland for centuries,
    sending them to work on plantations in the caribbean and north America
    since 1623… see books ""White cargo"" and "they were white and they
    were slaves"" on Amazon… very desturbing grim reading!!!

  26. Europeans enslaved blacks because they had already enslaved homeless
    white people from the streets of England and ireland for centuries,
    sending them to work on plantations in the caribbean and north America
    since 1623… see books ""White cargo"" and "they were white and they
    were slaves"" on Amazon… very desturbing grim reading!!!

  27. France abolished slavery 17 years bf the US -Russia 4yrs ahead and Britain 3yrs bf USA. The USA has a deep-rooted reminder of slavery with 2nd class of citizenship called "African-American" suggests a dual citizenship with a foreign country and culture, perpetuating a stigma and alienating particular people since depicting skin color as a prefix to nationality – All others deemed only Americans. Also a necessary political convenience.

  28. Slaves were not taken from Africa. Free men and women were captured/kidnapped taken to a foreign land, sold and enslaved.

  29. One1, White people Didn't bring slavery to America , North or South America,
    Some Native Tribe's Already Had it!
    As did the rest of the world before people landed in the America's !
    Two2, the United States of America fault a war where hundreds of thousands of white people Died to set slaves FREE, with Black's !
    Three3, there are more slaves Now than at the hight of slavery in America before the civil war

  30. I wish Africans can narrates their part of the story too. These Europeans always narrates it to make both look negative whiles the Europeans played major role in it. They came to deceive the African leaders and now saying they sold Thier people to them. Of course existed some form of slavery back then but they were called donkor and their duties was to serve in the king palace. They weren't treated bad like the Europeans did. It was even a privilege for some Africans to serve in a palace. Always telling bunch of lies these Europeans smh

  31. The problem that we have today is what to do with all these blacks , They keep breeding ,My god in some cities they are packed right in there. Everywhere they go it seems they destroy everything .There must be a solution .

  32. 😂😂😂😂😂..nope didn't happen like that ..we were already in the so called America ..don't believe that spit coining from the same people who Brian washed us into thinking we came from Africa

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