Layering Explained (The 3 Layer System)

A basic layering system has three
important functions. to wick sweat away from the skin to trap body heat and to protect you from the weather each part of your clothing serves a different purpose and works with the other layers to keep your skin dry warm and
comfortable an effective layering system allows you to adjust and regulate your body temperature when active resting or as the weather conditions change the first layer which is worn next to the skin is known as a base layer a base layers main function is to wick sweat away from your skin and towards the outer fabrics helping you to regulate your body temperature moisture conducts heat 25 times faster than air so if it can’t escape the surface of your skin
you’ll become cold very quickly quality base layers are generally made from polyester or merino wool cotton should be avoided at all costs as this material soaks up moisture and holds on to it which means that you quickly become
damp clammy and ultimately cold the second layer is known as a mid layer is any piece of clothing won over your base layer and/or under your outer layer the main purpose of this layer is to keep you warm by trapping body heat while continuing to allow moisture to make its way to the outer layers mid layer choices can vary greatly from microfleece hoodies is all the way to down filled vests which you choose depends on conditions and activity thinner microfleece garments are very practical quick drying to make a great option for high output activities mid to heavy weight fleece jackets are more suited for colder conditions they can weigh more than other forms of insulation and aren’t as compressible synthetic insulators are a versatile and practical option for a lot of people strands of synthetic fibres create down like materials that traps heat effectively it continues to work when wet, dries
quickly and is generally quite easy to care for weight for weight down is the
best insulator available with the exception of expensive hydrophobic down it must be kept dry to be effective this means is best saved for cold and dry
days your outermost layer is the maindefensive barrier against wind snow and
rain by preventing further moisture from getting into your clothing it allows base and mid layers to continue to wick moisture away from the skin for a layering system to work well your outermost layer must be both waterproof
and breathable stopping snow and rain from entering but allowing sweat vapor to escape there are many different ways of constructing an outer layer but most are formed of a stiff outer face fabric for durability followed by a waterproof
breathable membrane such as gore-tex it’s important to remember that a
layering system should always be versatile you should be able to strip a
layer off to cool yourself down or add a heavier weight layer to increase warmth

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3 thoughts on “Layering Explained (The 3 Layer System)

  1. If you are reading this, just know that you are special. Lets someone know that you love them. Love yourself, love others, and smile. <3

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