Is This New Super Carbon Better Than Graphene?


Graphene is heralded as a wonder-material
that could completely change our world. Its incredibly flexible, strong and conductive
carbon structure promises to revolutionize energy storage, computing, and technology
as we know it. But graphene isn’t the only nanocarbon out
there with promising applications. There’s one in particular that’s been
capturing scientists’ attention for decades, and it has the potential to be even more game-changing
than our fan favorite graphene. The only thing is, no one’s actually figured
out how to make it… until now. Currently, scientists know how to create two
kinds of nanocarbons; those with positive curvature, like nanotubes and buckyballs,
and those with zero curvature, like graphene. But scientists have theorized that a third
group should exist– nanocarbons with negative curvature, also known as Schwarzites. We’ve made them before on a much larger
scale out of polymers and have found them to be remarkably light and strong. Swap these polymers for sheets of carbon molecules,
and in theory, you have a schwarzite, a 3D version of graphene. Its negative curvature creates a structure
with an optimized balance of surface area and interior volume. And that’s the clincher, because then you’d
then have the conductivity of graphene arranged elegantly in 3 dimensions, in a way that can
store an enormous amount of electrical charge. See, since batteries and supercapacitors require
3-dimensional electrodes to store energy, scientists have had to force 2d graphene into
3d structures to make it useful in those applications. But, schwarzites solve that problem altogether
because they’re already 3D. This could lead to supercapacitors that charge
your phone in seconds and batteries that can store more energy and that have longer lifetimes. But… all of this rests on scientists being
able to actually make carbon schwarzites. Aaand… that’s proven difficult. But we haven’t given up, and after decades
of searching, new international research led by a team at UC Berkeley has finally cracked
the code. To make their schwarzites, the team used materials
called zeolites, which are porous minerals commonly used in laundry detergent. The researchers injected a vapor of carbon
molecules into the pores of these zeolite structures, and watched as the carbon arranged
itself in sheets along the insides of the pores. Then, all they had to do was dissolve the
zeolite away and voila! A bonafide schwarzite. So boom we did it! Time to go make supercapacitors and batteries
out of this ish, right? Well, not exactly. This newest research was done on a computer,
as a simulation. And while it proves this process could work,
scientists will still need to experiment to find the best conditions to actually make
it in the lab. Then, once they do that, they still need to
find a method that’s cost effective before we see it in any commercial applications. But don’t get too depressed, as the author
of the paper pointed out, “that’s the same story that was given for graphene 10
years ago,” and since then, the cost has come way down, and graphene is starting to
make its way onto the commercial stage. So, as for our schwarzite fantasies, maybe
it’s only a matter of time. One last thing, Schwarzites are named after
19th century German scientist, Hermann Schwarz, who studied the negative curvature in soap
bubbles, you know, because that’s what I’d like to spend my days doing. Subscribe to Seeker to make sure you never
miss a nanocarbon update, and while we’re waiting for schwarzites to take over the world,
check out Julian’s video here to learn about a different way to improve supercapacitors
that involves… contact lenses! I’m Maren, thanks for watching Seeker.

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100 thoughts on “Is This New Super Carbon Better Than Graphene?

  1. LOVED watching Maren for the first time; instant sub..
     
    However it wasn't on YOUR channel, someone is stealing and reposting your content…
      
     
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Z2QiZ1j7zE&feature=youtu.be

  2. Stop wasting our time with this "scientist are yet to …" get back here and post your videos when you have any acctual results … earth is dying and we need to move our ass up before its too late

  3. comparing this is total BS. this is foudnational research. another 40 years can past before we see any impact on our life of this tech. talking about this now is like talking about ghosts

  4. Wait they already knew they could layer graphine and thats how we would eventually use it at a macro level.. ?????

  5. I'm sick of these videos. Just tell me when the product is able to be mass produced.
    Because my hopes have been up for graphene for about 10 years now, and I keep
    being let down when people keep say "it's just in the experimental phase. Just tell
    me when it's done and usable please!

  6. Mel Brooks was right!
    There is something more powerful than the force:
    It's the Schwartz!
    Now, let's see how well we can…handle it.

  7. What if flex seal would replace the material with shcwarzites once they are now for commercial use then humanity would now unlock the true potential of the schwartz

  8. This bitch talks about shit she has no idea about with such unearned confidence, like it's all-so easy and ain't a sinch ….

  9. For everyone freaking out that it was just a computer simulation, it's only a matter of time before some chemist does chemical vapor deposition of methane based carbon onto a zeolite substrate and makes real Schwartzite.

  10. I make it in my garage all the time! I just haven't gotten a patent yet cuz people like ta steal world changing ideas!

  11. Seeker, "Oh we found a new type of nanocarbon that will put graphene to shame!"

    Random_1, "Oh wow! What is it called???"

    Seeker, "It's called graphene in 3D!!!"

    Random_1, "….. Soooo not a new nanocarbon. What a fucking clickbait crock of bullshit!!!!"

  12. Could this be bullet-proof, can it absorb impact of a bullet. Because if it can, I'd be interested in its military applications.

  13. I'll stick with cool 2 dimensional Graphene, Shrew that 3 dimensional stuff, 2D is where it's really at. That's the reason why very few 2D objects exist.

  14. they'll make awesome artificial synapses, carrying charge in multiple directions & channels
    & the volume for 'bulk' localised apparatus in each synapse

  15. What is the substance which is present in water as a renewable sorcerer of energy
    Which have availity like
    1)it can produce 6times of sun energy per second .
    2)it can produce electromagnetic waves which can be harmful for aquatics animals according to its range.
    3)it can decrease the pressure of our earth and our atmosphere or high level of pressure.
    3)it can produce easily through our technology have been discovered.
    (I need a video on this topic)
    Please

  16. I am in love with Maren Utopy, that is when there is a posibility that abstract sentiment can be true in real life

  17. The father of my Grandmother was American i loved her she looks internally the same there is a conflict https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VsabFEisZ2Y

  18. I want a new Super material every day. Just like the weekly clickbait for Cancer cures. You guys really need to up your game. Build me another paperweight quantum computer or a self driving car that flies off the road. I'm getting bored.

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