India Plans to Build its Own Space Station, But How Hard Will It Be?

The Indian Space Research Organization, or
ISRO, announced in June that it plans to launch its own space station by 2030. Along with Russia, the United States, and
China, this would make India the fourth country to launch a space station that is solely their
own. It’s an ambitious goal, especially for a
country that has yet to send a human being into space. They haven’t released any concrete plans
on how they’ll build their station or what it will look like. So, what challenges did other nations face
when they put their first space stations into orbit? The Soviet Union launched the first space
station ever, Salyut 1, in 1971. It was in orbit for 175 days and occupied
for 23 before the crew departed. Tragically, their return capsule depressurized,
and all three crew members perished. The U.S.S.R.’s next two attempts, Salyut
2 and Kosmos 557, each were crippled after achieving orbit and neither were ever occupied. The U.S.’s first space station, Skylab launched
three days after Kosmos 557 in 1973, and as you might have guessed, it was damaged during
launch. Still, some improvised repairs made Skylab
habitable, and it was occupied by three crews before reentering the atmosphere and breaking
up in 1979. Ground controllers attempted to have the debris
land in the Indian Ocean, but some of it landed in western Australia. While no one was hurt, the Shire of Esperance
did fine NASA $400 for littering. Clearly, a crewed space station is a daunting
task to get right on your first try. The next country to launch an independent
space station was China in 2011. The school-bus sized Tiangong-1 wasn’t meant
to be a permanent facility, but a platform to test and master the technologies needed for more ambitious modular station in the future. Two crewed missions visited the station in
2012 and 2013, and at that point its mission was essentially done. But just in case something went wrong with
its successor, Tiangong-2, the Chinese decided to put the station into hibernation rather
than deorbit it. When they attempted to wake it up again in
2016, they found the station had lost power. That meant it was uncontrollable, and where
it landed, was up to gravity. Fortunately, Tiangong-1 reentered harmlessly
over the southern Pacific in April of 2018. Chinese officials bristle at the notion the
reentry was uncontrolled, but honestly it just means they join the club of nations whose first space stations weren’t 100% flawless missions. So far, we’re 0 for 3. But we have also had stunning successes with
space stations too. The International Space Station has been hosting
astronauts and doing science since the year 2000. But the ISS is really something special and
it’s not a project that any one country can undertake. It took the cooperation and funding of space
agencies from Russia, the United States, Europe, Japan, and Canada to assemble it in orbit
over a decade. It took 5 Russian rocket launches plus more
than 35 space shuttle missions to haul all its pieces into orbit. Today, NASA’s budget for their share of the
operation, maintenance, and research costs total 1.45 billion dollars each year, which
as it happens is reportedly the entire annual budget of ISRO. Clearly a space station that huge is out of
the question for any one country. Which brings us back to India. Will they be the only nation to have a totally
successful space station on their first go? Before they even attempt that, they have a
lot of work ahead of them. They have yet to launch a human into space
with a rocket of their own, though they’re inching closer. ISRO is reportedly on track to launch an uncrewed
Gaganyaan spacecraft by December of 2020. After a second uncrewed mission, their goal
is to launch three astronauts by December 2021. Once in low-Earth orbit, the three person
crew will remain aloft for 5-7 days before returning safely to Earth. I make it sound so simple, but remember that
space flight is never routine. There’s always a risk, especially when a
space program is just getting its wings. And ISRO has been ambitious and achieved a
lot with the resources it has, but they’re not immune to failure. Their first attempt at a moon lander crashed
into the moon’s surface earlier this year. So when it comes to their first crewed missions,
we’ve got our fingers and toes crossed that all goes well. If the Gaganyaan missions are successful,
then ISRO can seriously start to consider building a permanent home above the Earth. If you want to more about what ISRO has been
up to, check out our video on their Chandrayaan-2 mission to the moon that we was made before it
launched. Let us know in the comments below if you liked
this video and be sure to subscribe to Seeker and I’ll see you next time.

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100 thoughts on “India Plans to Build its Own Space Station, But How Hard Will It Be?

  1. Lets hope their cyber security can prevent hacker interference…

    I wish them well. Some-one was jealous of their success.

  2. Since NASA was providing tech , support till now to ISRO then how ISRO gonna have its own Space Station with sinking economy ??? ? ? 馃槄馃ぃ馃ぃ馃ぃ

  3. I think India has more impending problems than not having a space station tbh , there are alot of instruments in space that other countries have launched they could use to further scientific knowledge. It would be more helpful to to them to focus on sanitation first . I live in the uk and I would be furious with the government if my country was in the state of India and they were spending much needed money on that , I wouldn't be proud I'd be ashamed of their ignorance to the struggling population. Just saying

  4. 0:16 "For a country that has yet to send a human being in space"? Lookup Rakesh Sharma who has been the only Indian citizen to be in space in 1984.

  5. Its a good and positive video about INDIA…
    Now u will find all negativity , hate , jealous about India in comment section…

  6. is it just a counsidence that Seeker and NowThis youtube channels changed to similar themed profile picture? or theres something in to it?

  7. Where would our species be today if all insane amounts of money and manpower spent on wars would have been spent on different sciences?

  8. They don't have any money to fix the economy, unemployment, GDP, farmer suicides, under funded law enforcement (compared to military), starvation, severe lack of water (0 day declared by 2030) etc. But they do have enough money to build the statue of unity, Ram temple and the space programme.
    I would never understand why Indian government focuses more on eye catching projects than solving real problems. Then again, who am I to complain?

  9. They do not need to build a space station. Please, they will end up putting more junk in low earth orbit. We need to consider reviewing these things extensively before letting a country attempt this.

  10. Use a launch rail to save on thrust.
    Or how about ta tube where the exhaust still has to to exand Espicially out the bottom. It's not a cannon . Its to restrict the flow of exhaust to save force pushing up.
    Increase air pressure under the ship. Saving Fuel

  11. You missed one vital info is "India again plans to land on moon's south polar region by nov 2020 and its already confirmed.Chandrayan 3 mission coming next next"

  12. I heard about this in lecture this afternoon.
    Seems India will never gonna giveup the space race, All the best to india, our fingers are crossed.

  13. Yes agreed ISRO is Newbie, has very low budget and is still way back then those 3 giants in space but we really appreciate what ISRO does, firstly it makes profit then what it actually spends, posses bigger ambitions, dedicated for the nation and for the people, utilizes the every possible materials to make it fully operable within low budget and ISRO wants to send satellites of those developing or the countries that can't afford satellites into space in cheap price for their respective technological advancements!

  14. ISRO, DRDO and few other government organization are best performer as of now they are safe from evil eye of the current government. As CRONY CAPITALISM, Gig Economy, Nepotism and Kleptocracy is openly endorsed by this government.

  15. For a country that has 40 perent of its people without clean drinking water id say its fucked up priorities………….is this where all the 3 pounds a month go??

  16. I love how butthurt British are commenting about their aid to us.

    Bruh we spend 5脳 more money than your tiny aid just on fertiliser subsidies for farmers 馃槕

    We don't want your peanut aid 馃槀

  17. This will help and boost morale of the rich but obviously doesnt help those who is suffering and hungry to feel hopeless. So depend which is greater to know if it really help the most

  18. 2:57 the 2008 Olympics in Beijing cost 45B, in Soci 2014 51B. Clearly 1.45B does not exceed the capabilities of one country.

  19. Unfortunately Moons' haunted and 100% flawless run definitely not gonna happen, bcz from the first run back in a years ago, it all the way up still remain basically untouched for whatever reason, that brings quite a bit of suspicious… 馃

  20. Your coverage of Indian space missions is excellent, it's about time seeker should start publishing such videos in Hindi too.

  21. Brother India is the first country to send satellite to Mars in 1st attempt with a budget of only 74 million $… Mangalyaan… So if Modi politics don't held back our scientist… We will do it in 1st attempt .. Hope for the best… Luv u America

  22. Can't wait for British BBC news to cover this. What will they mention out-of-context this time? Its a mystery! But it will happen for sure.

  23. Weren't these a**holes the guys that destroyed a satellite to "prove that they can"?. These morons have no idea what they are doing and I hope they blow themselves up over this.

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