Hyperloop Explained | The B1M

Billed as the fastest way to cross the surface
of the earth, hyperloop represents the greatest leap in transport infrastructure for generations. With passengers sitting in pods that travel
at airline speed through pressurised tubes using electric propulsion and magnetic levitation,
the concept promises to slash journey times between major cities from several hours to
a matter of minutes. Whilst it may feel like science fiction, hyperloop
is now on the cusp of becoming a reality. This, is the story behind the concept that’s
about to revolutionise our world. Hyperloop was first conceived in 2012 by Tesla
and SpaceX founder, Elon Musk. In a white paper released the following year, Musk set
out his vision for a futuristic, super high-speed transportation system that would see passenger
pods move through a partial vacuum in steel tubes – addressing the two key factors that
slow down conventional vehicles: friction and air resistance. Exploring a potential route between Los Angeles
and San Francisco, Musk believed that his concept could slash the eight hour bus ride,
four hour train journey and convoluted three hour air travel experience between the two
cities to just 30 minutes. Under Musk’s first hyperloop proposal, he
suggested that compression fans would move air around the passenger pods to minimise
drag and create “air bearings” beneath them, floating them off the surface of the
tubes. It should be noted that Musk’s early hyperloop
concept is not a million miles away from Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s atmospheric railway that
ran between Exeter and Plymouth in the UK from 1847 to 1848. That system, moved carriages with pressurised
air. The air was extracted from a pipe that ran between the rails by pumping stations
situated roughly every three miles along the route, creating a vacuum. A piston contained
within this pipe was connected to the train, which pulled it forward. Despite its initial success, the leather flaps
that made the vacuum pipes airtight soon began to fail causing air to leak from the system
and Brunel’s railway was abandoned. With an estimated price tag close to USD $6BN,
Musk’s first hyperloop concept never came to fruition – but the impressive idea and
potential to link cities in such a direct way sparked intense interest. From inception, Musk had always stated that
the concept of Hyperloop would be “open source” – and he actively encouraged others
to come together and develop the necessary technology, independently from his involvement. This led to the formation of several startups
and student teams developing various aspects of hyperloop technology with varying degrees
of success. Now, several fully fledged companies are making
significant strides to bring hyperloop systems into reality. Hyperloop Transportation Technologies or HTT
are making aggressive advancements and recently constructed a full scale test track in France,
however the clear leaders of the pack in the current standings, are Virgin Hyperloop One. Virgin Hyperloop One are on track to achieve
their bold ambition of bringing a hyperloop system into operation by 2021. Originally formed in 2014 as Hyperloop One,
the company was rebranded following a significant investment from Sir Richard Branson in 2017. Deviating slightly from Musk’s original
plan, Virgin Hyperloop One’s technology combines two basic principles. The first is magnetic levitation (or MagLev),
a technology already used in monorails to lift the passenger pods and move them along
their rails. Magnetic levitation uses two sets of magnets;
one to repel the train from the track and lift it upwards and the other to move the
floating train along the track at considerable speed with reduced friction. The second principle is the use of a low pressure,
vacuum sealed environment for the passenger pods to travel through. By removing most of the air from the tubes
and having no contact with the ground, the pods face little to no resistance as they
move. The air pressures inside the tube are equivalent
to flying 200,000 feet above sea level. Such an environment enables the pods to reach speeds
of over 760 mph using very little energy. By virtue of being in a tube, the system is
protected from the weather and can operate in almost any climatic conditions. Virgin Hyperloop One’s system is controlled
by advanced software that ensures acceleration and deceleration occurs gradually, going relatively
unnoticed by those travelling inside. Having built a 500 metre track in the Nevada
desert, Virgin Hyperloop One have carried out several tests focusing on individual
aspects of the system and a complete full-scale systems test in May 2017. The propulsion, braking, levitation and vacuum
systems are all performing well and the team have achieved a top speed of over 240mph to
date. To inform their plans for developing a fully
operational network that is affordable for all, Virgin Hyperloop One launched a global
challenge to find the routes best placed to benefit from hyperloop technology. With over 2,600 entries, the field was reduced
to just 35 potential locations – with each entry enjoying with strong support from governments
and urban planners. With 10 winners across five countries, Virgin
Hyperloop One are now working in partnership with each of the locations on how to best
deliver the hyperloop technologies in live networks. In February 2018, the firm unveiled their
first prototype passenger pods for the Dubai-Abu Dhabi Hyperloop route, a network that would
drastically slash the car travel time between the two cities from two hours to just 12 minutes. The advantages of Hyperloop are considerable.
Like train stations, Hyperloop stations, called portals, are planned to be located within
inner city areas with easy links to existing transport infrastructure. This gives hyperloop systems a distinct advantage
over air travel, where airports tend to be located beyond city limits with fewer accessibility
options. Additionally, the system is being developed
to function on a “turn up and go” principle without a lengthy check-in process and with
accelerated, advanced security checks. Another clear benefit is its speed. If hyperloop
could significantly reduce the travel time between cities, it could be possible to live
in a completely different city or part of the country from where you work, with a commute
no dissimilar in length to the one you perhaps take today. This opens up a wide range of housing and
employment opportunities with people no longer restricted to have living close to where they
work. It could also take pressure off our cities where infrastructure is often still
catching up with development, and where house prices have become unattainable for most. With speeds rivalling aircraft, and nine of
the top 10 busiest air routes in the world being domestic, hyperloop has the potential
to completely revolutionise the way we live, work and travel. A hyperloop system requires very little energy
to propel pods through its tubes as the vacuum environment poses little resistance. As such,
the systems could be powered by renewable technologies such as solar and wind, offering
a considerably cleaner alternative to air travel. When you consider the prospect of people being
propelled in tubes across the earth’s surface at near supersonic speeds, there are a number
of questions that instinctively jump to mind. Perhaps the first is the impact of a potential
break or breach in one of the tubes – possibly as the result of an earthquake or external
impact. Virgin Hyperloop One explain that they have
addressed this by constructing thick steel tubes that are extremely difficult to puncture
or break. Additionally the tubes are engineered to withstand changes in pressure and air leaks
while maintaining their structural integrity. Theoretically a sudden influx of air into one of the tubes
would simply slow the pods down due to the increased air resistance. The pods could then be directed
to the next portal via an auxiliary power boost. There is also the ability to section off parts
of the route and to re-pressurise sections where significant emergencies occur and all
pods are expected to be fitted with emergency exits. Externally, hyperloop systems will largely
travel on elevated seismically designed pylons that are able to move and flex independently
of one another minimising damage in the event of a major ground shift. Sensors along the
route would instantly report issues to the systems control centre. In answering the natural safety concerns raised,
Virgin Hyperloop One also point out that millions of people already travel at high speeds in
metal tubes every time they take a flight, and that numerous concerns surrounded the
use of jet aircraft when that mode of transportation first came to prevalence. While the idea of hyperloop may seem far-fetched,
when you consider the industrial progress made in the past 200 years, the current rate
of technology adoption in our societies and the significant advances being made by hyperloop
companies around the world, this incredible new transportation system looks set to become
a part of our everyday lives in the very near future. If you enjoyed this video, and would like
to get more from the definitive video channel for construction. Subscribe to The B1M.

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100 thoughts on “Hyperloop Explained | The B1M

  1. they could fit Solar Panels along the top of the tube, also would it be feasible to go under or over water, like London the Paris??


  3. Another of Musk's confusion of fantasy with worthwhile possibility. At least this is not as financially mad and useless as attempting to colonize Mars.

  4. Not sure it's right to say that the 'concept' was developed by Elon Musk. Perhaps you could say that the name 'Hyper Loop' was coined by Musk? The idea of vacuum tunnels and maglev for trains has been around for decades. I remember a well conceived depiction of such a system, in a TV show 'Babylon 5', linking domes on Mars, that was back in the 90s. I also seem to recall a British Rail prototype for a linear induction engine train and carriage on display at the Railworld Museum, designed an built by Laithwaite in the 1960s.

  5. the hyperloop's size shown only carries a very limited passengers.. the question is if this will help so many people to reduce travel time, will it carry persons same volume as train? if far less, this will be so expensive to travel also the waiting game in every stations just to be accommodated by the vehicle.. remember that passenger planes are 10x bigger than this, yet more often they are fully booked just to save travel time and covenience.

    and what about if the vehicle git stocked? or had a system malfunction, how are they going to rescue them? the pressure inside the tube isn't a passenger friendly.. so meybe the magnetic will do.

  6. While american teens are getting inspired with BS, Communist China is really doing something for the World.. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJCkpOkuph4 Regardless what US Media says. What China does (with thos US dollars it is prohibited to spend) is good. At least for travelling.

  7. Amazon should fund and build the hyperloop, it would not only improve their image but it would also be fantastic for their prime shipping.

  8. all these tubes seem so small. is it because they are just for show and prototypes and the end product will be much bigger? because the size it is know i dont see how it can fit a train filled with people in it without being sooooo cramped inside

  9. but on the plane something goes wrong the crew have plenty of time to find a solution, on hyperloop you don`t have a second coz it is already on the ground.

  10. Great right up until the first earthquake breaks the tube open and everyone onboard is killed because of the crash.

  11. It's nice to plan hyperloops between big cities, but it kinda defeats the purpose of reducing commute time. Why would you live in the center of a big city to work in the center of another one?

  12. How is creating and maintaining a vacuum tube several miles long energy efficient? I understand the propulsion in a vacuum is highly efficient, but doesn't it take a lot of energy to create a vacuum?

  13. We don't need hyper loops for transport of people, We need it for transport of mail. USA to EU. EU to China, China to USA. What else could improve shipping time. Musk show focus on a courier service first rather than a train for people. That is what is needed to speed up the world of online shopping.

  14. Hyperloop is a brand name. The concept is the Vactrain which was first conceived in 1799 by George Medhurst.

    Poor report by B1M mostly build on hype.

    A lot of energy is required to create low pressure environments. The pumps would need to run 24-7 and a lot of them.
    This report makes it sound like you need just a little energy to get the trains going when the energy for the train propulsion is least of their problems.
    The energy requirements for the maglev system and the vacuum pumps is huge.

    Next up is safety.
    While this report just says it is thick steel so it is fine. An armour piercing round of a cal. 50 can penetrate between 1 and 2 inches of armour. That is hardened and composite reinforced steel.
    Those puny ST37 pipes pose little to no problems for such a weapon.
    Exposed concrete struts are another weak point. What happens to the struts and the vacuum pipe on top when a 40t semi truck hits them be by accident (those happens) or on purpose?
    Not to mention a terrorist attack with explosives.
    Smuggling explosives onto a plane is difficult but it happened in the past, placing explosives on a train line is super easy barley an inconvenience in comparison.
    A major pressure breach in any of those pipes could send down a pressure shock wave. They say it will only slow the train down… it could also be like hitting a wall at 300mph.

    Then there is the biggest challenge of them all: The vacuum chamber.
    The B1M glosses over that they have yet to find any pressure tight solution for compensating extraction and retraction of the steel pipes.
    Something they don’t need on their short test track but which they will need on any long real world track.
    Then there is the challenge of actually getting the thing leakproof on an extended track.
    Depressurizing the track… they have trouble depressurizing their test tracks. Their test tracks are tinny compared to any real world track.
    You need large and still fast operating air locks. Something they haven’t demonstrated as well.

    Speed of the trains is nothing special either yet.
    SCMaglev a Japanese Maglev reaches up to 375mph today, though for save operation it will go only 314mph. Since 2011 they are building a track between Tokyo and Nagoya which is planned to go operational in 2027 and will be extended to Osaka by 2045.

    Afaik the first public operational fast maglev is the Transrapid. Germany started development in 1969 and it went into public operation in Shanghai in 2002. 33 years from the concept to operational for passengers. On a track that is 30,5km long…

    What makes you think the Hyperloop is just around the corner?
    If you can’t afford a Maglev system what makes you think you can afford a Vactrain system?

    Dial down the hype.

  15. Hyperloops ain't coming until probably the year 2070 or 2080🤣🤣🤣. Also with the Hyperloop, I can get from LA to NYC in less than 5 hours😎

  16. Haumio fahrende würmer in ana blechröhre 👻👽😂😂 u was it when der ganze mist high etc den 👻👻👻 ghost aufgibt .

  17. Sometimes the magnets on my fridge get dusty and fall off. No harm. I wipe the dust off and put it back. Even the most expensive tubes built are going to get dusty.

  18. Maybe the main source of information regarding pros and cons of a technology shouldnt be a for-profit business, developing that technology for commercial use.

  19. Looks like another hoax to me. Apparently, the only new technology here is to vacuum inside the tunnel to reduce the air resistance. As a result, one may hope to double the speed of a modern high-speed train. But at what cost? Building railroads is already quite expensive. And now, one is supposed to build the whole tunnel capable of keeping low pressure inside! Yet more, one would have to spend energy permanently to support low pressure. I am sure that the price to support the whole thing in the working condition will also be much higher than that of a regular rail. And, in any case, it is still slower than airplanes and I do not see why hyperloop should beat them. The problem with airplanes is that you spend most of the time getting to the airport and passing through security checks. I do not see why hypeloop will not have the same problem.

  20. i thought that i read that this similar technology has been out underground for many years in the underground tunnels and cities . Schneider talked about high speed anti-gravity trains in Dulce …

  21. OK.. between San Fran and LA, during the day the TOP of the hyperloop tube will grow about 1000 feet relative to the bottom in LA. What is the result of a kink? Loss of vacuum. And that is followed up by loss of life in the cars that hit the wall of air…and then the discontinuity in the track. If someone managed to survive the 500-600 mphh with the front wall, how do they get out when there is no space for a human on the side of the tube? The front is now hopelessly crumpled.. so you need to go out the back, which may possibly still have a bit of a vacuum. Ugh. And how do you pull down the vacuum on a several hundred mile long tube? Would take weeks at a minimum, and months for a deeper vacuum. Seems like engineers have not provided real feedback….

  22. … get rid of the chuchu and make a train for god sake, then do the tubes, but wait! What about of all the the trucks.

  23. As much as i respect Elon Musk for his Spacex projects i think th hyperloop is a complete meme , sending people through a vacuum tube what could possibly go wrong , good luck getting emergency service on site. And if there is a leak in the capsule or pipe burst then there will be some serious trouble.

  24. No matter what's done with advancements in hyperloop travel or train travel, Americans are always going to stick to their automobiles.

  25. like everything, it will be tried and true tested and in operation in Asia and Europe 10 years before the USA can even fathom it…. America is always behind

  26. I do not see why this is so revolutionary. You can travel as fast as you want… how fast things actually get done has little to do with travel time.

  27. 2:54 – Elon Musk is a genius who cares about humanity so much, that he once again opens up his designs to open-source. Seriously, this guy is smug, but he kinda earns it unlike most of the population.
    3:07 – Wait a minute, these startups sound great but this sounds like an excuse for being bought out.
    3:38 – Fuck me, I've been tricked into a Large Companies "We're gonna do good for the world by stealing another's tech" BS video!!!!

  28. Yo creo que deveria ser cápsulas expulsadas por haire y cada cápsula como una llamada telefónica tenga su comienzo y final y momento es fácil que sea de haire y capsulas personales. That are the best i said do

  29. Hyperloop's been about for over 100 years, the reason noones built any is because it doesn't work and is far too dangerous, how is musk doing?…….he's dug a 2km tunnel that a car can drive down…. that's all… he's reinvented the tunnel, what a fucking genius.

  30. What happens if the system fails, or there is an earthquake that causes the foundation of the tube to shift. With this kind of new technology and the speeds it can reach, this sounds like a historical disaster.

  31. The Hyperloop is a fantastic theory but that is all it will ever be and it is definitely not even remotely linked to a leap forward in transport technology, not even a meter forward. It will be no more a reality than Elon Musk's promise to have tourists visiting the Moon by the end of 2018. The Hyperloop is a massive money pit that will just never work and a tunnel with a maglev train is not a Hyperloop. WAKE UP AND THINK, just because someone that has a lot of money and clever at marketing says it will work, doesn't mean it will work. Elon Musk recently announced flying cars using compressed air, the man is in cloud cuckoo land and where are the so called electric trucks, not even through the design stage nor do they have anywhere to build them if indeed they worked which they won't, well not as a replacement for current trucks that's for sure. Look at your likes and dislikes, 56,000 sheep and 2,700 people who can think for themselves. If you really think that the Hyperloop is coming, don't hold your breath whilst you wait, you won't see it in your lifetime even if you were born today……

  32. 😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭😭me and my BFFI (Best friend for infinity) live 15 and a half hours away from each other and have only seen each other on FaceTime for 6 years. (-a visit once every 1 1/2 years) we played Minecraft with each other and that Is our only communication. I dream of a hyper loop one day (soon hopefully) being able to take a 1 1/2 hour hyper loop to see her. I imagine one day, Simply surprising her at her door using the hyper loop. Please cross your fingers that this will happen.

  33. Why not just have personal drones? That would be so much simpler! You would just need the drones, good software and control towers. Then you wouldn't be limited

  34. You stealing fuc**ng everything, don't you, cheeky bast***s?😂😂
    This was the project of Henri Coanda, a romanian inventor, the builder of the first jet in the world. Back in the 1970, he invented this high speed train driven by the fact that he wanted to beat the China's high speed trains who were unsafe at speeds of 350 km/h. In 1971, he and his team managed to test that high speed train in a system of tubes and the conclusion was they could reach 500km/h with a safety percentage of 99,7%. In 1972 he died and his suspect death was covered up by the government into a death caused by a severe disease. In 1974 his team tested the same train whith people on board (1971- cargo on board) and it was a massive succes. A few months later, a disciple of Henri Coanda who used to work in the testing team came up with the idea that they could safely reach up to around 6370 km/h with just a small adjustment to the initial project. Suddenly this guy had a suspect death, the rest of the team was forced down to silence, the initial project dissapearead, so a few guys who tried to speak about this subject in public. Now, Elon Musk just found the chicken with golden eggs, didn't he?

  35. The only thing Elon conceived was a flashy name and drawings. The concept is much older. The only good thing about it is watching stupid rich people dump tons of money into a flawed idea.

  36. 1:55 i don’t quite understand this , but now that i think about it , should a vehicle accelerate much more having build a vacuum cleaner system , sucking air in at the front and pushing out at the back , like climbing with a rope , using air as a rope

  37. Australian routes were probably refused because our sorry excuse for a parLIARment is populated with corporate whores and luddites

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