How To Setup A Sound System

– Hi, I’m Jordan from Kettner
Creative, and in this video I want to show you how to set up
a small, basic sound system. A lot of the things that we
go through in this video, hopefully it’s short, are also applicable to large events as well. So, when you first arrive
at the venue, you want to take a look around and come up with your strategy right away. You might be meeting an event planner, or some other contact at the venue, and you need to understand
what’s happening, and get like, the lay of the land, where they want the podium,
where the main area is, and where the speakers may or may not go. As a general rule of thumb,
you want the speakers to be in front of all microphones. That’s like best case
scenario, you can’t always make that work, but you’re
setting yourself up for failure if you put your speaker right behind the podium, mic, or something similar. You always want to get
the main amplification away from the microphones
as much as possible. In a practical scenario,
you can’t always do that. So when I walk into the room,
I generally go meet the client or meet the event planner,
and make sure we have the right equipment and make
sure we know what the event is, and confirm all the details,
like start time and all that. And then the first thing I will do, is I will connect the mixer to power. The reason that I connect
the mixer to power, is because when I start
at an event, I want to start with what I call big problems, and work your way down to
little problems, right. So if you plug your mixer into power, and there’s no power, you
know you have a bigger issue that you need to sort out before you start running any other cable. You need to figure out,
one, if it’s the mixer that has the issue, or two,
if it’s the venue power that has the issue, in
which case you need to start, you know, finding whoever
is in charge of maintenance at the venue and go from there. So, here’s like a small Yamaha MG10, 10-channel mixer, so
we’ll plug in the power. The power cable here. And then turn the mixer on. So you can see that
there’s a power light here, so the mixer is on. While you’re doing that, while
you’re plugging things in, and screening the power in the back, you want to be looking
at the mixer itself. You never want to be zoning
out, you want to be just, take a look while you’re working on it. Make sure the master
volume’s down, make sure all the channel volumes are down,
make the sure that the last guy that finished with the
board set all the EQ flat, and make sure that all
your gains are down. You want to do that before
you turn the mixer on, to make sure that what comes
out of the mixer when we connect it to the speaker
is what you expect it to be. So you need to start from zero always, especially with an analog mixer. With a digital mixer, if
you’re walking in with a save show, then that’s a different story. So the same thing, we want to make sure that the speaker has power now. So the speaker might be
somewhere else in the room, so we’ll find out where we want
to put it, so it’s away from the microphone and then
we will plug it in. As we’re plugging it in, before
you connect it to the outlet you want to make sure that
the speaker’s turned off, that all the gains are set to zero. In this case we’ll be
feeding at line-level. So you want to check all the switches, you want to turn the DSP off, and the high pass frequency off. You always want to be starting from zero. So we checked all that,
now we can plug it in. Now some people don’t
like plugging the speakers into power until you have
all this signal cable run. Well sometimes we’re in a
situation where we’re doing eight of these sound systems in a day, right? So like I said, in my
mind, I’ll sacrifice, what some people call best practice, because of the practicality,
of you’re probably in a room that has a dead outlet, and you need to know that before you start
running other cables. So I’ll usually plug it in, turn it on. You see that there’s power,
then turn it back off. You don’t want the speaker to be turned on when you connect it to the mixer. So, as a general rule, you run the speaker before you run any of the inputs. Some guys like to run
everything, all the inputs, and all the speaker things
before powering anything on. Again I think the practicality
of that is pretty terrible, because you can run it all,
and then you go to turn it on to figure out that you
have the power issue, and, you know, soundcheck’s
in half an hour. So, I think it’s more wise,
go through the process of confirming everything as you do it. So here we have, speaker is now connected to
the stereo output of the mixer, and then I’m going to turn it on. So the speaker is now
connected to the mixer, and it’s on at zero. So the first thing I do before
I check any microphones, cause usually with microphones
you have like a bunch of wireless, a bunch of wired microphones, so I like to test what I know, and what I know is music
from an iPhone, or my phone. So let’s quickly find a track. So I plug it into one of the channels at the end of the board. So I can see that it’s
playing on my phone. I set the volume on my phone to 75%, make sure it’s working
there, and then I start by bringing up the master on the mixer, up to about 50, 60%,
and then I’ll bring up the channel of the phone
that I just plugged in. So that’s pretty much it,
so you’re just making sure that there’s sound coming
out of the speaker. Now if this was real,
I’d let it go, and then I’d start wiring up the
microphones while the music’s playing, and while that’s
happening, while you’re wiring up the microphones, it’s
good to just be listening to the room, how echoey is
it, how present is the bass, like how does the room
sound, is it really echoey or dead , or is it, what’s the room doing. You want to be thinking about this while you’re running cable. So now we start on the first channel. On the mixer, everything
works, on an analog mixer, everything works in channel
strips, so vertical lines. So everything to do with
the microphone that I plug in here is directly below it. So again before I plug
anything into the mixer, I’m making sure that
everything is zeroed out, the gain is down, the compressor
is off, the EQ is flat, and all the auxillaries are down, the pan is flat, and the volume is down. Once I’ve confirmed all
that, I will plug it in. Here we just have a wired Shure 58. So the Yamaha MG10 has kind
of like an indicator here on the gain switch of where
a good starting place is. So while I’m talking I’ll
just bring it up to that. Now it won’t make sound until you bring up the volume to match it. Check, check, check, one, two. And there we have it. So 99% of events you
just leave the EQ flat, unless you actually
know what you’re doing. So all the green knobs
should be pointed up. If you want to, if it sounds
a little muddy to you, which sometimes like a wired microphone
will or a vocal mic will, just bring the low down
a touch and on this particular mixer there’s
a high-pass filter on it, so you can just engage
that, and turn that on. But generally you can
tweak the mids a bit but, I mean, we get people
calling us and texting us, and all the EQ is turned
down, and the volumes up, and that didn’t actually do anything, if you know anything about
EQ, if you make the same adjustment in all your EQ’s, it’s just bringing the whole volume down. So, I mean, generally
speaking if it’s talking head or just vocal only just leave the EQ flat. If you’re getting feedback, it’s because of bad speaker placement,
so you either need more speakers spread around
the room at a lower volume, or you need to move the speaker
from behind the microphone because that’s what’s
causing your problem. Once the first microphone
is done, then you can pretty much follow the
same process for all the other microphones, as well. When people rent sound systems from us, we put a piece of tape
here so you can label it on the tape, which is best practice. And that’s how you set
up a small sound system, and that’s my approach to
setting up a small sound system. If you have any questions, just email us at [email protected], or give us a call, 604-427-1629, thanks.

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96 thoughts on “How To Setup A Sound System

  1. Hello can you tell me the name and size of all the cables I would need for a crate 24 channel mixer board ty

  2. Hi I've got a sound system jbl four speaker and two sub 18" and mixer Yamaha 16 channel how to connect with dj controller …… all speaker power and thanks so mach I'll wait for the answer

  3. How do you connect a Condenser Microphone to the MG10XU? already bought a "stereo plug to stereo jack converter" but when played on my mixer, there is no sound coming from the mic.

  4. I'm ready to purchase today a set of 2 with mixer and stands which set/company/brand   should I buy I'm looking for quality sound

  5. I was a sound and telephone technician / engineer at Mid-State Sound and Telephone for 16 years and have been a mobile DJ and co-owner of Jerry Craig DJ and Sound Company since 1985. I have also been an I&C Technician and Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant since 2003. I happened across this video and decided to watch it to find bad practices and or errors in it. To my surprise this was a very well done tutorial with no mistakes! Follow this tutorial and you shouldn't have any problems!
    DJ Chuck Pierce

  6. 5:00 When you plug in the 3.5MM (iphone) to dual TS cable in the L+R, do you lose out on the L when you plug the speaker into the R? I want to run my speakers in Mono and daisy chain them together, is that possible? Thanks

  7. hey sir, how can you connect power speaker and a passive speaker to a power amplified mixer without using additional amp, please help

  8. It is hard to get the sound right , why you don't zoom in on the mixer while you doing this so everyone can see what you doing. This video did'nt help me at all.

  9. i need an advice: a mixer to connect 3 keyboards ( 3 R-L mono) + 1 R-L for monitor =>TOTAL "4 R-L" LINES , THANK YOU

  10. Where should I place my speakers for outside busking? I have a 50 watt Roland street ex and 2 piggy backed Yamaha 20 watt powered speakers. THANK YOU.

  11. I thought when you adjusted an eq all up or down, you only adjusted those frequencies only and your telling me its only adjusting volume, WHAT? Im so messed up=you did!

  12. If I've using a stereo audio mixer that has 2 main outs (L and R), how does that change things with my speaker setup? Does it matter which one I use if I'm doing everything else the same as in this tutorial?

  13. Bro i have Behirenger Q1202 usb u connected with but it's not detecting the signal although it shows up in logic as Audiocodec. I searched on
    Website there is no driving for my model it has for windows not for mac somehow m helpless in setting up mu mixer with Logic. Plz help

  14. Did I miss something? If the speaker was set to zero, how was there sound coming out of it when the music was on?

  15. yo I bought a "Rockville RSG15.28 Dual 15" 3000 Watt 3-Way 8-Ohm Passive DJ/Pro PA Speaker" with the 3000 watt rockville amp and I have no fucking clue what I am doing. I ordered like $500 worth of cables I don't know what goes to what. I'm just trying to have the loudest sound system hooked up to my pc up in here. Can someone help me

  16. I want an audio system for a party hall which consists of 200-300 people. I want a speakers and mixers which one will be the best you think under the budget about 1000£.

  17. thank you very much for the video .. i have a question if any body can help my brother plays rock music and the event always take place in small limited space room . i noticed once he try to add reverb or echo's to the sound effect there is that whistling sound that comes from the speakers .. very annoying my assumption is that they are using larger speakers then they should in a small size space now am i correct .. and if that the case what is the standard speakers size should be used in medium to a small indoor space . to avoid the whistling sound and use sound effects without the troubles ? . if anyone can help thank you very much

  18. pl answer me my questions, for gathering of 1500 hundred people in a church. how big and how many (with dimensions) speakers needed and which company the best speakers you feel. i think of JBL/samson/alto/fender. what do you think the best. my email ide [email protected]

  19. Hey bro, I just subcribed. Question…I just purchased 2 mackie thump 12s and a mackie powered 18s for an outdoor barbecue I'm having on Labor day. Do I need a mixer for the powered speakers I bought just to play music. Im using Itunes through my laptop. Thanks in advance

  20. I understand there's differences between speaker cables vs instrument cables. I have a Yamaha Arranger Tyros kb. What cable should I use in these setups?

    – kb > power speaker
    – kb > mixer > power speaker

  21. Good Day! I just want to ask if you connect the audio mixer to a active speaker what should be the maximum length of wire I will use to avoid some signal problems?

  22. heey man uuhmm,yeah I'm listening but my issue I have 32 channels of Equalizer mixer wth out amplifier how can I connect it to da sound,,? jst 2 boost nd balance da sound volume,,

  23. Thank you very much for this informative video. Great for a notice (like me). Explains how to avoid problems and troubleshoot common problems (i.e. feedback, power issues, order for running cables, powering up, as well as emphasizing best practices that are often cut short). I learned a lot!

  24. If you're serious about safety, you meter the power and check for proper ground and polarity first…not just "is there juice".Using a right angle plug at the wall outlet is safer and more practical.

  25. Hi, do I need an amp to run this speaker? Or will it work of my cellphone or DVD player?
    I was thinking of getting the Yamaha rs202 receiver/amplifier and connecting this speaker , will I need different cables, or I don't need a receiver at all for these speakers?

    I'm not a dj, just want to get the alto pro speakers and connect it to the Yamaha receiver, will this work or do I not need an amp at all , just one to phone/ DVD player to the speaker directly

  26. Bought a Fender Acoustasonic 15W Guitar Combo Amp…for the XLR connection bought an Adapter…somehow the JVC 600 ohms Mic., Shure etc. only works via the XLR and not Directly with the 1/4 inch jack? Why?

    Guitar works Directly and also when plugged in the XLR Adapter?

    Maybe, that is why they always worked in the Behringer UB1202 all the time, as I think it has a built in Mic preamp?
    So how does the Adaptor converts the Mic signal? An XLR male to balanced 1/4" female adapter.

  27. Within about 10 mins into my setup, I’m getting a flatline sound coming out of my pa speakers. I don’t have a mixer, I just run pighog cables straight to the controller. What could cause that flatline sound?

  28. Mediocre tutorial. Very badly explained the little substance covered. gets nearly 500k views. Here's how and why democracy can suck.

  29. I know this is a way late post, but I normally set up the mixer first to normalize everything and put on some music to establish unity gain sound levels. After the mixer is set with music playing, I add the main amp/speakers and set the volume all the way low, then bring it up to your performance level for the event remembering a room full of people will need more volume. If your mixer has an output EQ, this can be used to adjust for the room. Now when adding mics, etc, the cue/PFL,SOLO, or other name for channel monitor, they can be adjusted to nominal in the sound check so when they are sent live to the main, there are no surprises and people running for the exits as performance volume was defined before the event. Run the mixer at nominal VU levels regardless of the event size. Adjust the amp/speakers for the event size before the event starts. It is really amateur to turn on a mic and have the level horribly adjusted. Use the Pre Fade Listen, Solo, CUE or what ever it is call on your board to set the mic channel before the guest speaker uses it. Music is better than "Test, Test, Test". A mic pre cued and trimmed will just work. Checking computer levels, CD, DVD, Mics, etc are always best checked first with meters and headphones before going live on mains.

  30. Thanks for the systemic procedure. Sometimes I just use the presettings from home for a venue and my Mackie DFX6 sometimes does not give sound. One time the speaker outlet at the venue really has no power. My desperate moment is when the mixer sometimes is silent. But it does not look like it is damaged as it works at home.

  31. hi , i try to buy 2 speakers for mobile dj events , but i have a question electrovoice zlx15p or yamaha dbr15 the price is the same but the best is ???

  32. Hi Mate.
    Can you pls help me in setting of DB and Volume of the these speakers.. which should be above.. Volume or DB?
    I do volume gain at 12o’clock and DB at 4-5? It gives feed back to the microphone.. should it be at low volume and DB at 10?


  33. Thank you. Just a question: when you have XLR out to only one speaker and the input sound is in stereo, which side should you connect the XLR out to speaker to on the mixer? Thanks.

  34. Great video….Installing most sophisticated and advanced AV equipment like projectors, LED or LCD flat screen displays, high quality audio video playback stations, intelligible and crystal clear sound system with allied accessories like projector screen, wireless microphone etc. can make a successful event flawlessly. But, to get the maximum out of this highly intelligent AV system you need the assistance professional experts those who are well versed with such instrument.

  35. Although for the domestic purpose this type of installation is good, but in office or board rooms, people need expert help. If you are in need, visit now.

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