How Singapore Fixed Its Housing Problem


Public housing is often considered low in quality and high in crime. But it’s a totally different story in Singapore. Government-built apartments in Singapore are clean, safe, and well-maintained. And about 80% of Singaporean households live in them. Singapore is also one of the few countries in the world to achieve almost full homeownership status. Over 90% of the city’s households own their own homes. But it wasn’t always this way. Here’s how Singapore fixed its housing problem. In 1959, when Singapore obtained self-governance from the British, the city was having a severe housing crisis, struggling to accommodate its growing population. In 1960, Singapore’s first Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and his government set up the Housing and Development Board, or HDB, a public housing agency with a mission to build rental units for the poor. At the time, many immigrants including those from Malaysia were living in unhygienic slums. Amid increasing racial tension between Chinese and Malays, the HDB had a hard time convincing them to leave their informal settlements for new high-rises. Then came the still unexplained fire which broke out in the squatter settlement of Bukit Ho Swee on May 25, 1961. An area of 400,000 square meters was razed. Four people were killed and around 16,000 left homeless. The government successfully rehoused all of the fire victims within a year and built new housing on the site of the disaster in the next five years. Its speedy reaction won over the people and paved the way for future public housing projects. Singapore must be one of the few places in the world where a statutory board satisfactorily completed everything it set out to do in its first five-year plan. By 1965, the HDB managed to build over 51,000 apartments, rehousing 400,000 people, a quarter of the then population, solving the housing shortage. Apart from renting out apartments, HDB also started to sell them in 1964. Singaporeans are required to save part of their salaries in a state-managed plan called Central Provident Fund. At first the fund only provided for retirement. Then, in 1968, the government allowed the use of the fund for housing expenses, helping more people become homeowners. Unlike many other countries, Singapore’s public housing is not only for the poor, instead, it caters to the masses. Citizens within certain income ceilings can buy various types of property, from basic two-room apartments to up-market units in condominiums with a swimming pool and a gym. Their prices are usually 20 to 30 percent cheaper than those in the private market. But you’ve got to apply and order the apartment first, then wait several years for it to be built. Also, you can’t sell it until you finish the five-year minimum occupation period. Today HDB has planned, designed and built over 1 million apartments spreading over the city-state. The percentage of people living in public housing has grown from 9% in 1960 to 82% in 2016, and the homeownership rate has also increased rapidly with the rise of Singapore’s economy. Singapore’s public housing is considered as one of the world’s best, but some see it as a way of social control. For instant, quotas ensure a mix of Chinese, Indians and Malays in each HDB block, aiming to carefully integrate ethnic groups and prevent the formation of a volatile racial enclave. But still, a mighty agency with effective policies and strong political will has fixed Singapore’s housing crisis and improved the living conditions of millions.

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100 thoughts on “How Singapore Fixed Its Housing Problem

  1. Shame we indians got independence in 1947 and they in 1957 and our large population still living in slums, poverty and what not shame

  2. Remove 90% of the regulations on building homes, essentially everything but the most essential safety ones, and places like San Francisco wouldnt be suffering a major housing crunch. The government should provide for the military, fire/police departments, basic utilities, and basic safety regulations. Everything else is a waste of money. The War on Poverty in the US hasnt reduced poverty. The War on Drugs didnt reduce drugs. Chicago's gun laws didnt reduce crime.

    This stuff works in Singapore and China because 1. They are all the same ethnicity so there is not nearly as much conflict 2. They are both benevolent dictatorships. You remove the benevolent part or make it a democracy and the government becomes a burden rather than a support.

  3. I live in Australia, homes are criminally expensive here :/ for a tiny 1 bedroom you’re looking at $400,000 and our government does everything possible to make housing prices go up constantly. Singapore ppl should be very grateful they have such a just government, rental system sucks your life and blood away

  4. meanwhile, in Malaysia, the private sector dominates the country's housing business and sell-out houses with an extremely higher ownership price. Lots of people in Malaysia face difficulty to purchase their 1st property. Even though, the previous government has started few initiatives to build-up affordable apartments but yet still considers failure as the project becomes slower when the previous government was surpassed by the new current government right now.

  5. Hong Kong and Singapore were both British colony. We clearly see who did better with public housing policies…… Why is the hong kong government so idiotic.

  6. I’m a little skeptical about this fire, but this is definitely interesting to think about with regards to how it would look in America. I did do the math and it seems about 8 people would live in each apartment soooo

  7. Why is mixing ethnic groups in housing blocks a bad thing? Like, seriously, how could that possibly be considered a negative?

  8. Singapore is a wonderful country I remember my mum has been there on her honeymoon and she loved it so much, all the love from Egypt

  9. Home ownership? Wow here in the usa after the 2008 housing crisis all the people around me even the one working as manager in retail or teachers can't find a near by home, houses are more than half a million dollars. People have to drive 2 hours or rent an apartment near by…

  10. The problem in the usa is that we live in neighborhoods created during the period when there was a lot more racism, even tho the new generations is not racist like the old ones we still have the same neighborhood created to keep black/minorities (poor) separated from the more rich (mostly white) neighborhoods. Plus in some places the rich use influence or try to sue goverment institutions for building mix low income buildings… is mees up, i hope it gets better

  11. While we all like to see the positive result of Singapore, we have to be aware that the idea of "social control" has a very bad track record. To quote Thomas Sowell, "It is hard to imagine a more dangerous way of making decisions than by putting those decisions in the hands of people who pay no price for being wrong."

  12. Now Malaysia😂 let me tell you something. If the religion and culture conflict here doesn't end soon we will never be develop. Everything the Malays are the one who controls whole Malaysia. All Malay and Islam. As locals that are not Malay or Islam don't have much. Something like a reverse America that is worse

  13. Here in Israel, the government did the same thing to solve the same problem. But with one huge mistake.

    They thought that investors were the problem (which was true, but…). They fought the investors and drove them out of the market. But with less investors there was less competition. Prices of rent increased.

    The government did not rent their apartments, instead: they sold them. And that was a huge mistake. Some of those who bought these apartments became investors themselves and started to rent these homes instead of living in them. 5 years later, they will sell these homes for a much higher price – leading to increase in prices all over again.

    The government banished the investors just to create new investors. Prices never fell down.

  14. Compare this with whatever Cai Qi has done in Beijing, you would know so well how fascist the current Commie government is China. Long live the Republic of China. 🇹🇼

  15. In the PH, they burn the slums to build more business buildings. And most citizens do not trust the government BC the government is anti-poor.

  16. The success of a non-democracy nation is always the fact that the government is the one that builds everything the nation needs to thrive. Unlike a democratic nation whose government will only spend to expend its military while the county governor keeps complaining they don't have funds to build this and that for the people in their county.

  17. This is commendable compared to the observations of one of the pathetic, lazy & corrupted Indian real estate sector in the world including housing. Where I have seen cases (not rare) in which even after payment people get the possession in generations. Therefore, such theories are not feasible because implementation & execution is the main concern.

  18. That's fucking communism how do you dare to solve problem in an efficient way? Let's the "markets forces" to solve the problems, just look USA they solved the problem taking people's houses, sending them to sleep in their cars, raising the rent prices and blaming homeless for not working hard enough. Of course they have beautiful empty houses and very rich construction entrepeneurs.

  19. singapore is the living proof that if the goverments did what they are supposed to do they can turn a country from homeless and poor to rich and apartment comfy for everyone

  20. Hey Bloomberg, how come you skipped over flats made by Singapore Improvement Trust? Not everyone lived in huts and trees before our dear and glorious leaders strated Hdb. Poor journalism! Shame on you Bloomberg!

  21. Amazing how social housing works so well in punitive regimes isn't it? Think maybe corporal punishment might be playing a role?

  22. I don't have many people I look up to, but Lee Kwan Yew is one of my heroes, with the single other person I look up to being Elon Musk. The 2 times I visited SG, I was astounded by the culture, openness, and cleanliness, not to mention how everyone is super strict about rules and regulations. I have lived in 8 different countries and visited more than 25, but SG is the only place I'd choose to live in over any others.

  23. "Social control" to reduce racism, well that´s devils-grade-sorcery, so evil! Shut up Bloomberg, giving a voice to stupid critics isn´t "pluralistic" , it is simply stupid!!! It´s like reciting Flatearthers, in your strive to be "pluralistic"… Stupid isn´t an opinion, it is simply stupid!

  24. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  25. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  26. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  27. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  28. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  29. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  30. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  31. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  32. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  33. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  34. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  35. it built houses hahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaahhahahahaahhahahahahahahahahaahhaahaahahhahhahahahaahahahhahahahaah

  36. But sometimes, some Singaporian behavior like a" jerk " when they shopping in Malaysia! One disgusting example are throwing "dyper" to people car…..

  37. Singapore can do this because they are literally the freest economy of the world, the epitome of capitalism.
    One restrictive measure doesnt affect negatively the economy if there is absolutely freedom everywhere else.
    Happens the same in every developed country with every single restrictive law.

  38. So Singapure, which is call as the liberal paradise is a paradise because of the government. I should stop watching mainstream media

  39. Its nice to see a goverment to actually care for its people not through shallow words and lies, but through actions.

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