Giant Robot, Electronic Skin and more — Mind Blow #117

Oolitic limestone blocks used to build the
Pentagon and Empire State Building were made by microbes that lived up to 340 million years
ago. So thanks for the building materials, microbes. And a study of ethnic groups on the Malay
Peninsula found that hunter-gatherers are far more adept at identifying smells than
farmers. The Semaq Beri were able to name specific
smells as easily we name colors, which suggests that how we live affects how we smell. Vsauce! Kevin here. This is Mind Blow. NASA is working to ensure that planes avoid
one another’s wake — and even figure out how to surf them. With about 100,000 flights per day worldwide,
sophisticated air traffic control systems make sure planes don’t collide, but a wake
encounter can be just as dangerous. The Automated Cooperative Trajectories project
at NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center are using technology to track invisible, spinning
wakes described as “horizontal tornadoes” — and they’re inspired by concepts in nature
such as when geese fly in a V-formation. Planes that fly on top of rising air from
wakes will be able to conserve fuel and reduce emissions. Which is good. It turns out babbling babies manipulate adults
— and it helps them further their own education. Researchers at Cornell’s Behavioral Analysis
of Beginning Years Laboratory or BABY LAB — found that babies organize their mothers’
verbal responses and use more mature babbling to draw out more interaction. That results in a greater number of learning
opportunities for babies and encourages simpler responses and learnable information. So blahblahblah actually means… teach me
more. Speaking of babies, dolphins recognize themselves
in a mirror, and they can do it many months sooner than human babies. A psychologist at Hunter College spent years
working with two dolphins, Bayley and Foster, observing their behavior in a mirror. She found that by 7 months, dolphins engaged
in self-directed behavior, including wagging their tongues and swirling their bodies. In contrast, human babies can take 12-15 months
to reach this developmental milestone. So score one for dolphins. Electronic skin that lets you manipulate virtual
objects is poised to replace bulky VR wearables. Researchers from Germany have combined two
existing technologies to develop a barely-perceptible electronic skin that uses magnetic fields
to track movement. And the next step is to ditch permanent magnets
and incorporate the use of geomagnetic fields for positioning the way that sharks can. Which sounds amazing. And now a word from Ansco! When the neighbors drop by for a slideshow,
it’s fun for everyone. But what’s the answer when you want to runoff
both regular-sized slides and over-sized slides? The answer is the new Anscomatic, the A+ slide
projector from Ansco. It’s the world’s only fully-automatic projector
to take all popular slides. Cardboard, glass, metal and plastic. And when it’s time for those big two and a
quarter slides, no problem. Anscomatic projects ’em. Clear and sharp. And Anscomatic runs itself, or with the remote
control, you can control your slides from anywhere in the room at any speed you choose. At the end of the show, Anscomatic even turns
on the lights.The new Anscomatic is available at most dealers for just $11.95 down. Photographs projected in your living room? Awesome.. Let’s do a blowback. Mind Blow #99 in November, 2015, featured
the Scan Pyramids Project and they just recently discovered two mysterious voids. The voids in the Great Pyramid of Giza will
be inspected by a mix of subatomic particle detection and tiny robots. Built over 4,500 years ago, the Great Pyramid
is the oldest Wonder of the World but it’s difficult to study without damaging. Small particles called muons form when cosmic
rays interact with the Earth’s atmosphere, and they lose speed when they travel through
dense objects. By measuring muon velocity, they identified
two secret chambers that could be corridors, serve structural functions, or… who knows. A team from the French National Institute
for Computer Science and Applied Mathematics is also constructing two very small robots
that will be able to explore the voids by entering through a tiny drilled hole. A team of Canadian paleontologists have shed
light on why few modern animals have the tail weaponry that made some dinosaurs so destructive. They concluded that animals with tail weapons
like the ankylosaurus were generally large, herbivorous, and had armored bodies. As skin armor evolved from bone, tail weapons
evolved to be softer, too. Modern animals like porcupines tend to have
tail weapons made of the softer keratin — except for Smaug, a small lizard named after the
dragon in The Hobbit that retains a bony, spiked tail. Presumably to guard treasure. The Coyote III, initially designed for space
exploration, is now being used for search and rescue and to identify gas leaks in buildings. The German Research Center for Artificial
Intelligence developed the Coyote and proved that it was capable of handling any kind of
terrain. Its on-board computer allows autonomous exploration
and responding to data from sensors for practical purposes here on Earth — yet another trickle-down
benefit from space research. Roosters are really loud why don’t they
go deaf? Roosters have evolved to protect themselves
from their own deafening crows. Researchers at the University of Antwerp and
University of Ghent found that the internal sound pressure of a rooster’s crow can reach
a whopping 140 decibels, which is 50 decibels more than a lawn mower and 20 more than a
loud concert. Micro-CT scans of roosters’ heads showed
that their auditory canal closes when their beak opens, which essentially plugs their
own ears and insulates them from damage. Now you know that. The brains of musicians may be as different
as the music they play. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute
for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Liepzig found that different processes occur
in the brains of classical and jazz musicians even when they played the exact same piece. The study of professional pianists showed
that jazz musicians were more flexible and able to “re-plan” harmonies more easily
than classical pianists, suggesting that evaluating the effects of music on the brain might be
most accurate when done across the global musical spectrum. The European Union’s SecondHands project
is supporting the development of robots with predictive action to help humans. ARMAR-6 is a human-like robot that can aid
maintenance technicians by recognizing what they’re doing and offer help at the perfect
time. One of the things we’re working on is a project
called SecondHands. This is developing a robot to assist our maintenance
technicians. It’s called SecondHands because it’s literally
meant to be a second pair of hands for the technician to get their work done. Having now received a SecondHands robot in
our lab we’re working together with all our partners to integrate different functionalities
in order to demonstrate a real-world maintenance task. I’ve been editing Mind Blow using Premiere
for years now and if you’re interested in learning how to edit checkout Learn Adobe
Premiere In One Hour over at Skillshare. Like all their courses it’s taught by an
expert so you get top notch information from people who know what they’re talking about. And for a limited time get your first three
months for just 99 cents. This is a special deal I worked with Ethan
from Skillshare on just for fans of Mind Blow. If you don’t have 99 cents, you can get
free mini lessons if you subscribe to their YouTube channel. So click the links at the top of this video’s
description because whether you’re looking for premium courses or free insights – you
can learn a lot with Skillshare. Now I’m gonna leave you with a force-multiplying
robot with remote operation for sensitive and dangerous tasks. Because I know you want that. And as always – thanks for watching. The domestication of the computer already
has begun. In Phoenix, Arizona the Charles Crawshaw family
has learned to live with a computer terminal in their kitchen. This teletypewriter is connected by ordinary
telephone lines to a computer complex in New York City 2,400 miles
away. Charles Crawshaw, a General Electric engineer
works on technical problems. His wife, Barbara, uses the computer for various
household chores. Here, the computer has expanded the proportions
of a recipe for six into a recipe for fourteen. By the 21st century, home computers may be
as common as today’s telephone. Hey, what are you doing? Having fun! The children of the 21st century, might be
educated by a computer at home. The Crawshaw daughters do some of their homework
this way today. Tomorrow’s home computer won’t simply do old
jobs in new ways. By the time the Crawshaw daughters have families
of their own, we may created jobs for computers that we haven’t even dreamed of today. Even with a computer in her kitchen, Mrs.
Crawshaw still cooks her family’s meals. Cooking might be different in the 21st century. Industrial designer, Henry Dreyfuss. I like to think that the art of baking a homemade
pie won’t be lost. But maybe the one that comes out of the supermarket’s
gonna be better than the one that you can make at home because we’ve lost the art. I think that packages for quick food and this
doesn’t just have to be in the kitchen. The package might very well have a disposable
electric plug as part of it. And you just plug this in, the package would
heat, you’d eat the food, and you might even eat the package. All the wasted paper in the world, it’s conceivable
that when the package is heated, it would turn into part of the food.

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100 thoughts on “Giant Robot, Electronic Skin and more — Mind Blow #117

  1. Mr Dreyfuss at the end of the video worried about waste paper but not about waste disposable electrical cables 😀
    Still his ideas about the future, it's just surreal how we are living it right now. I just love those videos, and the robots of course. Thanks Kevin!

  2. Its conseveable that the package containing the food itself once heated would also become edible and part of the meal. "Its called a burrito señor"

  3. 10:05 "You might even eat the package" .. well my "friend" used to eat the popcorn bag when the popcorn was done. That counts.

  4. The last part is a prediction of the WWW, and that was fifty or sixty years ago ! . We are living in the future, and robots, are the next revaluation, that's on the horizon and they will be here in the next ten or twenty years.

  5. I have to say, YouTube just kinda been blah. Like, when YouTube first blew up it was great, but now things kind of stagnant. To me it's like, there's all this technology you talk about, most of which I'm still waiting to see. I however, find myself watching the mindblow religiously again with the inclusion of old ads. Those are sick. Keep up good work! Ps: should get da boys to release a DVD of mind blow

  6. The part about edible packaging doesn't make sense because one function of packaging is to prevent the food from coming into contact with the environment.

  7. if you stapped a bettery powered projector running from your phone onto your head, you wouldn't have to hold your phone / tablet infront of your face. anyone else think that would be cool?

  8. WOW talk about skipping a major flaw in your logic there, buddy in the last clip. Edible package to reduce waste??? Not only would you eat a touched, dust and dirt covered package, but wtf happens to the "disposable plug" that you mentioned first??? What about THAT waste? Maybe you can eat it, old dude, but that's the true waste. At least paper can biodegrade in nature, it's like this man doesn't even know shit.

  9. My main concern with hand-related tech is whether it will be harder to use for people with hyperhydrosis (naturally sweaty hands, even in the absence of stress). Currently it causes problems with touchscreens and fingerprint recognition but that's about it, and the only ways to deal with it are either A: a pretty extreme and risky form of surgery (which can also be expensive in countries where this is not covered by public healthcare), or B: using aluminium chloride products at very high concentrations, which has the side effect of causing skin irritation or extreme dryness.

    CRISPR can you fix these sweaty genes? Or maybe we can go back to talcum-based solutions?

  10. "By the 21st century home computers may be as common as today's telephone." Actually by the 21st century, your phone will be your personal computer, and each person in the house will have at least one of those.

  11. 9:00 That absolutely makes sense. Today both basically the same thing.
    Your phone is a small computer and with Skype and other VoIP services you can call someone with your computer.

  12. Check your facts man . wake turbulence has and can bring an airplane down. American Airlines flight 587 in 2001 crashed because of it and many have before. It is why there is a 5-mile safety zone when landing plains. You can't ride a vortex of spinning air with an airplane wing, it does not flap like birds. It's as bad a wind shear. But this is basic sciences.

  13. Love the old video at the end. Little kid even back then, cheated using a computer to do there homework. lol why leard something when you have a computer is now the stander for all humans. IQ's are falling.

  14. I'm kind of flipping out a bit at 1:55 because I just read a book exactly about that last week, and I'm glad other people are finding out about it too.

  15. Dolphins can recognize themselves in mirrors before human babies!!! With this information we can can can. I don’t know

  16. Hi Science Community!!! CHECK OUT my science competition video I'm a Canadian doing really cool cutting-edge research, any support would be really appreciated, I'm trying to find science lovers out there 🙂

  17. you forgot to mention those pyramid discoveries were already built in the game that launched days before in Assassins Creed origins

  18. Do you know what blew my mind the most? I WAS NOT SUBSCRIBED! I have watched you for years and I did not subscribe? what the frick man. Im subbed to Vsauce and Vsauce3 but I guess I skipped you. sorry :/ Or maybe youtube did some weird trickery but lets not get into conspiracy theories

  19. So I went and signed up for that Skillshare thing but I"m only getting one month; never saw anything about 3 months for 99 cents. Is it not live anymore?

  20. The 1900's under estimated the time of these inventions because we don't even have self cooking food yet. Closer thing we have is a microwave.

  21. We can make fun of people who lived in previous ages, but goddamn did they have some great ideas we haven't implemented or thought to implement. It takes a lack of technology to fuel technology, which is self evident but not thought of in most cases.

  22. 9:14 – "children of the 21st century will be educated by computers."

    Oh, you have no idea how right you'll be.

  23. Ever since Vsauce launched and then Vsauce2 with its "Mindblow" series.. I've aways hoped and wished there were more youtube channels set up in this same format but regarding different subjects.. like a mindblwo for just music, hunting, fishing, cooking, building, planting, etc… Am I right?

  24. Those weirdly correct old videos with people way ahead of their time at the end of these always fascinate me.

  25. @Vsauce2 You said the great pyramids are the "oldest wonder of the world"… that's false. Gobekli tepe is older than the great pyramids by 8,000 years.

  26. I just love the old misogynistic videos about the computers. A man general motors engineer works at technical problems on the computer while the woman has expanded the proportions of a recipe for six into a recipe for fourteen.

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